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  • JAMA Pediatrics April 4, 2016

    Figure: Classification of Parent-Reported Safety Concerns

    Thirty-four parents reported 37 safety concerns that occurred during their child’s hospitalization. Physician reviewers classified these concerns as errors, including harmful errors (ie, preventable adverse events [AEs]) and nonharmful errors/near-misses, as nonsafety-related quality issues, or as exclusions.
  • The Disappearance of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome: Has the Clock Turned Back?

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    JAMA Pediatr. 2016; 170(4):315-316. doi: 10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.4172

    This Viewpoint describes how the diagnostic term Sudden Infant Death Syndrome has fallen out of favor.

  • Sexual Assault and Rape Among College Students

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    JAMA Pediatr. 2015; 169(12):1184-1184. doi: 10.1001/jamapediatrics.2014.2152
  • Are Fire Policies Fair When They Mandate the Use of Chemical Flame Retardants Without Mandating Their Safety Testing?

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    JAMA Pediatr. 2015; 169(9):807-808. doi: 10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.1067

    This Viewpoint discusses the imbalance of US regulations requiring chemical flame retardants in many household and clothing items and the lack of accompanying chemical safety regulations.

  • Youth Suicide and Access to Guns

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    JAMA Pediatr. 2015; 169(5):429-430. doi: 10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.104

    This Editorial discusses the role that access to firearms plays in youth suicide and suggests ways to reduce that risk.

  • JAMA Pediatrics March 1, 2015

    Figure 1: Flowchart of Study Participants (Children Aged 2-17 Years): CONSORT Criteria

    This flowchart shows the number of participants who were enrolled, received the assigned treatment, and were analyzed for the safety and effectiveness outcomes.Combination drug therapy indicates 3 months of directly observed once-weekly combination of rifapentine and isoniazid; isoniazid therapy, 9 months of self-administered daily isoniazid; DST, drug susceptibility testing; MITT, modified intention-to-treat; TB, tuberculosis; TST, tuberculin skin test. aEligibility screening data for the randomized clinical trial were obtained from March 31, 2005, onward, with the implementation of an eligibility screening log. This log was implemented in response to the publication of the CONSORT (Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials) reporting recommendations for randomized clinical trials, which were vetted after the PREVENT TB trial started.bEnrollment of participants was allowed before Mycobacterium tuberculosis culture and susceptibility data were available in the source case of tuberculosis. cResults of TST not confirmed as positive on postenrollment TST repeated at 8 to 12 weeks; enrollment of close contacts was allowed if children were younger than 5 years or human immunodeficiency virus seropositive and enrolling clinicians had the option to discontinue treatment.
  • Outpatient Antibiotic Therapy for Acute Osteomyelitis in Children: Balancing Safety and Efficacy

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    JAMA Pediatr. 2015; 169(2):108-109. doi: 10.1001/jamapediatrics.2014.2850
  • Risk and Protective Factors for Falls From Furniture in Young Children: Multicenter Case-Control Study

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    JAMA Pediatr. 2015; 169(2):145-153. doi: 10.1001/jamapediatrics.2014.2374

    This multicenter case-control study reports that if estimated associations are causal, some falls from furniture may be prevented by incorporating advice into child health contacts, personal child health records, and home safety assessments about use of safety gates; not leaving children, changing diapers, or putting children in car/bouncing seats on raised surfaces; allowing children to play or climb on furniture; and teaching children safety rules about climbing on objects.

  • Comparative Effectiveness of Intravenous vs Oral Antibiotics for Postdischarge Treatment of Acute Osteomyelitis in Children

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    JAMA Pediatr. 2015; 169(2):120-128. doi: 10.1001/jamapediatrics.2014.2822

    This retrospective cohort study suggests that clinicians reconsider the practice of treating otherwise healthy children with acute osteomyelitis with prolonged intravenous antibiotics when an equally effective oral alternative exists.

  • Efficacy and Safety of Umbilical Cord Milking at Birth: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

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    JAMA Pediatr. 2015; 169(1):18-25. doi: 10.1001/jamapediatrics.2014.1906

    This systematic review and meta-analysis finds some benefits and no adverse effects of umbilical cord milking in the immediate postnatal period in preterm infants.

  • Efficacy and Safety of Histamine-2 Receptor Antagonists

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    JAMA Pediatr. 2014; 168(10):947-954. doi: 10.1001/jamapediatrics.2014.1273

    van der Pol and colleagues systematically review the literature to assess the efficacy and safety of histamine-2 receptor antagonists in pediatric gastroesophageal reflux disease.

  • Back-to-School Checklist to Review Health and Safety

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    JAMA Pediatr. 2014; 168(9):872-872. doi: 10.1001/jamapediatrics.2014.1160
  • Perioperative Outcomes of Adolescents Undergoing Bariatric Surgery: The Teen–Longitudinal Assessment of Bariatric Surgery (Teen-LABS) Study

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    JAMA Pediatr. 2014; 168(1):47-53. doi: 10.1001/jamapediatrics.2013.4296

    Inge and colleagues conducted a prospective, multisite observational study to assess the preoperative clinical characteristics and perioperative safety outcomes of severely obese adolescents undergoing weight-loss surgery. Michael G. Sarr, MD, provided a related editorial.

  • Flaxseed in Pediatric Hyperlipidemia: A Placebo-Controlled, Blinded, Randomized Clinical Trial of Dietary Flaxseed Supplementation for Children and Adolescents With Hypercholesterolemia

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    JAMA Pediatr. 2013; 167(8):708-713. doi: 10.1001/jamapediatrics.2013.1442

    Wong et al determine the safety and efficacy of dietary flaxseed supplementation in the management of hypercholesterolemia in children.

  • Electronic Media–Based Health Interventions Promoting Behavior Change in Youth: A Systematic Review

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    JAMA Pediatr. 2013; 167(6):574-580. doi: 10.1001/jamapediatrics.2013.1095
    Hieftje et al assessed the type and quality of studies evaluating the effects of electronic media–based interventions on health and safety behavior changes.
  • JAMA Pediatrics December 1, 2012

    Figure: Safety of Quadrivalent Human Papillomavirus Vaccine Administered Routinely to Females

    Figure. General safety risk and comparison intervals after the quadrivalent human papillomavirus vaccine (HPV4). Each month signifies 30 days. This example shows the risk- and control-length intervals for females who received 3 doses. Females who received only 1 dose had 2-month (60-day) risk and control intervals. Females who received 2 doses had 4-month (120-day) risk and control intervals.
  • Safety of Quadrivalent Human Papillomavirus Vaccine Administered Routinely to Females

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    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2012; 166(12):1140-1148. doi: 10.1001/archpediatrics.2012.1451
    In a retrospective, observational cohort study, Klein et al assess the safety of the quadrivalent human papillomavirus vaccine in females following routine administration.
  • Safety Effects of Drawstring Requirements for Children's Upper Outerwear Garments

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    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2012; 166(7):651-655. doi: 10.1001/archpediatrics.2011.1269
    Rodgers and Topping evaluate the effectiveness of the requirements of the voluntary safety standard for drawstrings on children’s upper outerwear garments in preventing child deaths resulting from drawstring entanglement.
  • Comparative Efficacy and Safety of 4 Randomized Regimens to Treat Early Pseudomonas aeruginosa Infection in Children With Cystic Fibrosis

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    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2011; 165(9):847-856. doi: 10.1001/archpediatrics.2011.136
  • Safety of Trivalent Inactivated Influenza Vaccine in Children Aged 24 to 59 Months in the Vaccine Safety Datalink

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    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2011; 165(8):749-755. doi: 10.1001/archpediatrics.2011.112