This meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials investigates the efficacy of synbiotics in the prevention and treatment of atopic dermatitis in children.
This ongoing cohort study reports that early probiotic supplementation may reduce the risk of islet autoimmunity in children at the highest genetic risk of type 1 diabetes mellitus.
Indrio et al investigate whether oral supplementation with Lactobacillus reuteri DSM 17938 during the first 3 months of life can reduce the onset of colic, gastroesophageal reflux, and constipation in term newborns and thereby reduce the socioeconomic impact of these conditions.
Sung et al examine whether probiotics are effective in the prevention/management of crying (“colic”) in infants 3 months or younger.
This review examines the literature on necrotizing enterocolitis and compiles current information and methods for medical and surgical management.
This cohort study examines whether early-life antibiotic use in children is associated with the long-term effects of breastfeeding on weight development and lifetime antibiotic use.
This review discusses the risk factors, diagnosis, and treatment to manage nonalcoholic fatty liver disease in children.
This cohort study tests the association between early-life antibiotic use and islet or celiac disease autoimmunity in genetically at-risk children prospectively followed up for type 1 diabetes or celiac disease.
This review provides an overview of data suggesting how different environmental factors may modulate the risk of developing inflammatory bowel diseases including diet, smoking, lifestyle choices, enteric infections, appendectomy, air pollution, and the use of medications, especially antibiotics.
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