This population-based observational study compares the cognitive and physical outcomes of school-aged children who were born full-term or late-term.
This randomized clinical trial provides support for continued administration of iron during pregnancy in malaria-endemic regions.
This cohort study assesses the association of a birth hospital’s annual volume of very low-birth-weight infant deliveries and neonatal intensive care unit level with the risk of several neonatal morbidities and morbidity-mortality composite outcomes that may be predictive of future neurocognitive development.
This cross-sectional study examines newborn size by gestational age to investigate similarities and differences in risk factors for stunting and wasting.
This national, prospective, population-based cohort study found substantial survival improvement in survival and a reduction in severe morbidity for newborns born at 25 through 31 weeks’ gestation.
This observational cohort study reports pregnancy outcomes for women who received a kidney transplant during childhood compared with those who received a kidney transplant during adulthood.
To examine, following statewide dissemination, the influence of an evidence-based home visitation program for first-time mothers on reductions of subsequent pregnancies across time and different locations.
Retrospective cohort study.
Replication sites for the Nurse-Family Partnership (17 urban sites and 6 rural sites) across the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania between January 1, 2000, and December 31, 2007.
A total of 3844 Nurse-Family Partnership clients matched by propensity score to 10 938 local-area controls.
Time to second pregnancy resulting in a live birth within 2 years of the first infant's birth.
There were no program effects on time to first pregnancy in the early years of the program (2000-2003), but clients whose first infants were born after 2003 had fewer second pregnancies compared with controls (hazard ratio = 0.87; 95% confidence interval, 0.80-0.96). This benefit occurred principally among mothers who were aged 18 years or younger (hazard ratio = 0.73, 95% confidence interval, 0.61-0.89) and was twice as strong among mothers aged 18 years or younger from rural locations (hazard ratio = 0.40; 95% confidence interval, 0.22-0.73) compared with those from urban locations (hazard ratio = 0.79; 95% confidence interval, 0.65-0.95).
Program effects on pregnancy planning emerged after an implementation period of 3 years in both urban and rural locations, but they were particularly strong in rural locations and among younger mothers.
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