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  • Association of Maternal Obesity With Longitudinal Ultrasonographic Measures of Fetal Growth: Findings From the NICHD Fetal Growth Studies–Singletons

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    JAMA Pediatr. 2017; doi: 10.1001/jamapediatrics.2017.3785

    This longitudinal cohort study characterizes the differences in fetal growth in cohorts of obese and nonobese pregnant women and identifies when anthropometric differences emerge.

  • Dose, Content, and Mediators of Family-Based Treatment for Childhood Obesity: A Multisite Randomized Clinical Trial

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    JAMA Pediatr. 2017; doi: 10.1001/jamapediatrics.2017.2960

    This randomized clinical trial evaluates effects of dose and content of 8 months of a weight-control intervention after 4 months of family-based behavioral weight loss treatment vs a weight-control education condition on children’s weight loss outcomes.

  • Baby-Led Weaning—Safe and Effective but Not Preventive of Obesity

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    JAMA Pediatr. 2017; 171(9):832-833. doi: 10.1001/jamapediatrics.2017.1766
  • Comparative Effectiveness of Clinical-Community Childhood Obesity Interventions: A Randomized Clinical Trial

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    JAMA Pediatr. 2017; 171(8):e171325. doi: 10.1001/jamapediatrics.2017.1325

    This randomized clinical trial examines the extent to which 2 clinical-community interventions improved child body mass index z score and health-related quality of life, as well as parental resource empowerment.

  • Effects of Promoting Long-term, Exclusive Breastfeeding on Adolescent Adiposity, Blood Pressure, and Growth Trajectories: A Secondary Analysis of a Randomized Clinical Trial

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    JAMA Pediatr. 2017; 171(7):e170698. doi: 10.1001/jamapediatrics.2017.0698

    This secondary analysis of a randomized clinical trial investigates the effects of a breastfeeding promotion intervention on adiposity and blood pressure at age 16 years and on longitudinal growth trajectories from birth.

  • Effect of Attendance of the Child on Body Weight, Energy Intake, and Physical Activity in Childhood Obesity Treatment: A Randomized Clinical Trial

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    JAMA Pediatr. 2017; 171(7):622-628. doi: 10.1001/jamapediatrics.2017.0651

    This randomized clinical trial determines whether parent-based obesity treatment without child attendance is similarly effective as family-based treatment that includes the child on child weight loss over a period of 24 months.

  • Tri-Ponderal Mass Index vs Body Mass Index in Estimating Body Fat During Adolescence

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    JAMA Pediatr. 2017; 171(7):629-636. doi: 10.1001/jamapediatrics.2017.0460

    This cross-sectional study compares the accuracy of body mass index vs other adiposity indices in estimating adiposity during adolescence, focusing specifically on tri-ponderal mass index.

  • Effects of Advice to Drink 8 Cups of Water per Day in Adolescents With Overweight or Obesity: A Randomized Clinical Trial

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    JAMA Pediatr. 2017; 171(5):e170012. doi: 10.1001/jamapediatrics.2017.0012

    This randomized clinical trial compares 2 standardized weight-loss diets among adolescents with overweight and obesity, either with or without additional advice and behavioral support to increase habitual water intake to 8 cups per day.

  • Antibiotics and Obesity—A Burgeoning or Thinning Argument?

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    JAMA Pediatr. 2017; 171(2):118-120. doi: 10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.4032
  • Weight Gain and Obesity in Infants and Young Children Exposed to Prolonged Antibiotic Prophylaxis

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    JAMA Pediatr. 2017; 171(2):150-156. doi: 10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.3349

    This secondary analysis of randomized clinical trial data examines whether prolonged antibiotic exposure is associated with weight gain in children with vesicoureteral reflux taking antibiotic prophylaxis to prevent recurrent urinary tract infection.

  • Socioeconomic Disparities in Childhood Obesity Risk: Association With an Oxytocin Receptor Polymorphism

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    JAMA Pediatr. 2017; 171(1):61-67. doi: 10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.2332

    This cohort study examines whether an oxytocin receptor polymorphism interacts with socioeconomic status and tests whether carriers of the A allele of the OXTR gene are most sensitive to the effects of socioeconomic status on anthropometry.

  • Childhood Obesity, Breastfeeding, Intestinal Microbiota, and Early Exposure to Antibiotics: What Is the Link?

    Abstract Full Text
    JAMA Pediatr. 2016; 170(8):735-737. doi: 10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.0964
  • Association Between Artificially Sweetened Beverage Consumption During Pregnancy and Infant Body Mass Index

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    JAMA Pediatr. 2016; 170(7):662-670. doi: 10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.0301

    This cohort study aims to determine whether maternal consumption of artificially sweetened beverages during pregnancy is associated with infant body mass index.

  • Association of Sleep Deprivation With Reduction in Insulin Sensitivity as Assessed by the Hyperglycemic Clamp Technique in Adolescents

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    JAMA Pediatr. 2016; 170(5):487-494. doi: 10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.4365

    This cross-sectional study compares insulin sensitivity, measured with the hyperglycemic clamp technique, in adolescents with sleep deprivation vs those with adequate sleep.

  • JAMA Pediatrics April 1, 2016

    Figure 2: Adjusted Associations of Fish Intake in Pregnancy With Rapid Growth in Infancy and Childhood Overweight/Obesity

    Rapid growth was defined as a weight gain z score greater than 0.67 based on World Health Organization (WHO) growth curves. Overweight/obesity was defined as body mass index in the 85th percentile or higher for age and sex based on WHO growth curves. Odds ratios (95% CIs) by cohort were obtained by using logistic regression models adjusted for maternal age, maternal education, prepregnancy body mass index, smoking during pregnancy, and birth weight. Reference category was fish intake 1 or more times/week. Combined estimates were obtained by using a random-effects meta-analysis. The names of the cohorts and the cohort-specific ORs (95% CIs) are shown on the left, and weights of each study are shown on the right. The squares represent the point estimate of each study, whereas the size of the square is proportional to the weight assigned to each cohort based on both the within- and between-study variability; horizontal lines denote 95% CIs; and diamonds represent overall estimates. Cohort abbreviations: ABCD, Amsterdam Born Children and their Development; EDEN, Étude des Déterminants Pré et Postnatals du Développement et de la Santé de l’Enfant; FLEHS I, Flemish Center of Expertise on Environment and Health; GASPII, Genetics and Environment Prospective Study on Childhood in Italy; HUMIS, Human Milk Study; INMA, Infancia y Medio Ambiente; KOALA, Kind, Ouders, en Gezondheid: Aandacht voor Leefstijl en Aanleg Birth Cohort Study; NINFEA, Nascita e INFanzia: gli Effetti dell’Ambiente; PIAMA, Prevention and Incidence of Asthma and Mite Allergy; REPRO, Polish Mother and Child Cohort Study; RHEA, Mother Child Cohort in Crete.
  • Fish Intake in Pregnancy and Child Growth: A Pooled Analysis of 15 European and US Birth Cohorts

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    JAMA Pediatr. 2016; 170(4):381-390. doi: 10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.4430

    This multicenter, population-based birth cohort study examined whether fish intake in pregnancy is associated with offspring growth and the risk of childhood overweight and obesity.

  • Genetic Differential Susceptibility to Socioeconomic Status and Childhood Obesogenic Behavior: Why Targeted Prevention May Be the Best Societal Investment

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    JAMA Pediatr. 2016; 170(4):359-364. doi: 10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.4253

    This cohort study investigates whether children carrying the 7-repeat allele of the DRD4 gene living under adverse economic conditions have different fat intakes than those living in a healthy environment.

  • The Differential Susceptibility Hypothesis: Sensitivity to the Environment for Better and for Worse

    Abstract Full Text
    JAMA Pediatr. 2016; 170(4):321-322. doi: 10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.4263
  • Effect of a School-Based Water Intervention on Child Body Mass Index and Obesity

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    JAMA Pediatr. 2016; 170(3):220-226. doi: 10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.3778

    This study examines the effect of water jets on standardized body mass index, overweight, and obesity in elementary school and middle school students enrolled in public schools in New York City.

  • Influence of Adiposity, Physical Activity, Fitness, and Screen Time on Insulin Dynamics Over 2 Years in Children

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    JAMA Pediatr. 2016; 170(3):227-235. doi: 10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.3909

    This cohort study assesses whether adiposity, physical activity, fitness, and screen time affect insulin dynamics over 2 years in children with a family history of obesity.