This Viewpoint discusses the importance of environmental health studies of neonatal intensive care unit populations and the actionable information it can provide to improve neonatal intensive care.
This study determines the proportion of neonatal intensive care units in 2014 that achieved rates for death and major morbidities as low as the shrunken adjusted rates from the best quartile and decile in 2005 and the time it took to achieve those rates.
This cohort study evaluates the trend of antibiotic use in very low-birth-weight infants across Canada and the association between antibiotic use rates and mortality and morbidity among neonates without culture-proven sepsis or necrotizing enterocolitis.
This study of a large, nationally representative cohort of infants discharged between 1997 and 2012 from neonatal intensive care units compares demographics and mortality of infants having invasive methicillin-resistant S aureus and methicillin-susceptible S aureus.
This randomized clinical trial reports the effect of intermittent vs continuous pulse oximetry monitoring on hospital length of stay among nonhypoxemic infants and young children hospitalized for bronchiolitis.
This epidemiologic time-trend analysis reports that neonatal intensive care unit admission rates increased for all birth weight categories during 2007-2012.
This cohort study assesses the association of a birth hospital’s annual volume of very low-birth-weight infant deliveries and neonatal intensive care unit level with the risk of several neonatal morbidities and morbidity-mortality composite outcomes that may be predictive of future neurocognitive development.
This cohort study found an increase in adverse events after immunization of extremely low-birth-weight infants in the neonatal intensive care unit.
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