This randomized clinical trial tests whether administration of inhaled nitric oxide to preterm infants requiring positive pressure respiratory support on postnatal days 5 to 14 improves the rate of survival without bronchopulmonary dysplasia.
This Viewpoint discusses the importance of environmental health studies of neonatal intensive care unit populations and the actionable information it can provide to improve neonatal intensive care.
This population-based study examines the educational outcomes of children who were born prematurely.
This population-based cohort study explores the associations between antenatal corticosteroid administration-to-birth interval and survival and morbidity among very preterm infants.
This cohort study examines whether surgical ligation vs medical management among extremely preterm infants with patent ductus arteriosus is associated with higher odds of neurodevelopmental impairment.
This longitudinal cohort study compares neurodevelopment and social-emotional development between moderate and late preterm infants and term-born control infants at age 2 years.
This cohort study examines the effectiveness of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug treatment for patent ductus arteriosus in preterm infants.
This cohort study identifies the optimal definition of bronchopulmonary dysplasia that is associated with the most optimal prediction of respiratory and neurodevelopmental outcomes in preterm infants
This systematic review and meta-analysis examines interventions to improve rates of successful extubation.
This randomized clinical trial evaluates whether increased protein intake enhances growth in human milk–fed very preterm infants.
This observational cohort study compares rates of neonatal morbidities and 18- to 22-month neurodevelopmental outcomes of extremely premature infants exposed to partial or complete courses of antenatal steroids vs those exposed to no antenatal steroids.
This national cohort study characterizes neurodevelopmental outcomes at age 6.5 years of children who had extreme preterm births (<27 weeks) in Sweden.
This cohort study describes the rates of depression and anxiety among parents of very preterm infants in the first 12 weeks of life, and compares rates at 6 months with those of parents of healthy full-term infants.
This randomized clinical noninferiority trial compares heated, humidified high-flow nasal cannula (HHHFNC) vs standard nasal continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) or bilevel nasal CPAP in treating respiratory distress syndrome of prematurity.
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