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Basic View | Expanded View
 Showing 21-38 of 38 Articles
Shawn L. Ralston, MA, MD, MS; Alan R. Schroeder, MD

This Viewpoint explores the topic of overtreatment and its ethical and financial effects on health care and contribution to waste in the health care system.

Joseph B. Cantey, MD; Andrea Ronchi, MD; Pablo J. Sánchez, MD

Although infections due to Staphylococcus aureus are infrequent in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU), they are associated with substantial morbidity and mortality. In this issue of JAMA Pediatrics, Ericson et al1 describe a 15-year (1997-2012) retrospective study with invasive S aureus infections, defined as a ...

Original Investigation  FREE
Jessica E. Ericson, MD; Victor O. Popoola, MBBS, MPH, ScM; P. Brian Smith, MD, MPH, MHS; Daniel K. Benjamin, PhD; Vance G. Fowler, MD, MHS; Daniel K. Benjamin Jr, MD, PhD; Reese H. Clark, MD; Aaron M. Milstone, MD, MHS

Importance  Staphylococcus aureus is a frequent cause of infection in hospitalized infants. These infections are associated with increased mortality and morbidity and longer hospital stays, but data on the burden of S aureus disease in hospitalized infants are limited.

Objectives  To compare demographics and mortality of ...

Editorial: Spreading the Benefits of Infection Prevention in the NICU; Joseph B. Cantey, MD; Andrea Ronchi, MD; Pablo J. Sánchez, MD
Original Investigation 
Daniel K. Nishijima, MD, MAS; James F. Holmes, MD, MPH; Peter S. Dayan, MD, MSc; Nathan Kuppermann, MD, MPH
Includes: Supplemental Content

Importance  Increased use of computed tomography (CT) in children is concerning owing to the cancer risk from ionizing radiation, particularly in children younger than 2 years. A guardian report that a child is acting abnormally is a risk factor for clinically important traumatic brain injury (ciTBI) and ...

Comment & Response 
Kevin M. Swartout, PhD; Mary P. Koss, PhD; Jacquelyn W. White, PhD; Martie P. Thompson, PhD; Antonia Abbey, PhD; Alexandra L. Bellis, BS

To the Editor We write to report errors in our article, “Trajectory Analysis of the Campus Serial Rapist Assumption,”1 published online July 13, 2015, in JAMA Pediatrics. After publication of this article, we were asked about the scoring syntax used in the derivation data compared with ...

In the Original Investigation titled “Trajectory Analysis of the Campus Serial Rapist Assumption,” published online July 13, 2015, in JAMA Pediatrics,1 there were inconsistencies in missing data between the data used for the published analyses and the publicly available derivation data, which affected 2 cases. After ...

Benjamin Kinnear, MD; Jennifer K. O’Toole, MD, MEd

This Viewpoint discusses the need to develop additional infrastructure and new models of care to treat adults with childhood-onset illnesses in a safe, standardized, and evidence-based manner.

Original Investigation 
Grant L. Iverson, PhD; Noah D. Silverberg, PhD; Rebekah Mannix, MD, MPH; Bruce A. Maxwell, PhD; Joseph E. Atkins, PhD; Ross Zafonte, DO; Paul D. Berkner, DO

Importance  Every state in the United States has passed legislation for sport-related concussion, making this health issue important for physicians and other health care professionals. Safely returning athletes to sport after concussion relies on accurately determining when their symptoms resolve.

Objective  To evaluate baseline concussion-like symptom ...

Original Investigation 
James R. Priest, MD; Wei Yang, MS; Gerald Reaven, MD; Joshua W. Knowles, MD, PhD; Gary M. Shaw, DrPH

Importance  There is a well-described association between maternal diabetes mellitus and risk of congenital heart disease (CHD) in offspring. Although the clinical diagnoses of type 2 diabetes or gestational diabetes are strong risk factors for CHD, subclinical abnormalities of glucose and insulin metabolism are common within the ...

Louise Linsell, BSc, MSc; Reem Malouf, MSc, MD; Joan Morris, MA, MSc, PhD; Jennifer J. Kurinczuk, BSc, MBChB, MSc, MD; Neil Marlow, BA, MBBS, MRCP, MD
Includes: Supplemental Content

Importance  Cognitive delay is the most common form of impairment among children born very preterm (VPT) at 32 weeks or less or with very low birth weight (VLBW) of 1250 g or less. It is important to identify factors that are robust predictors of long-term outcome because ...

Yona Amitai, MD, MPH; Gideon Koren, MD, FRCPC

This Viewpoint analyzes the current state of preconceptional folic acid use and proposes a strategy to increase the potential of folic acid supplementation in neural tube defect prevention.

On My Mind 
Jason M. Nagata, MD, MSc

I was born in the year of the Tiger to a Chinese Tiger mother.1 One summer afternoon, when I started watching the movie Independence Day before finishing violin practice, my mother ejected the video and smashed it against our family’s ancestral chest.

Original Investigation 
Bao Truong, MD; Adam L. Green, MD; Paola Friedrich, MD, MPH; Karina B. Ribeiro, DDS, PhD; Carlos Rodriguez-Galindo, MD
Includes: Supplemental Content

Importance  Most children with retinoblastoma in the United States are diagnosed as having a large intraocular tumor burden that requires intensive ocular-salvage treatment or enucleation.

Objective  To investigate the effect of socioeconomic status, race, and ethnicity on the extent of disease and the outcomes of retinoblastoma....

David G. Ingram, MD; Norman R. Friedman, MD

Adenotonsillectomy is one of the most common surgical procedures performed in children, with more than half a million procedures performed annually. We provide a review of the procedure, including indications, contraindications, perioperative issues, and current controversies. A more in-depth discussion of indications for sleep-disordered breathing and recurrent throat ...

Jacquelyn Campbell, PhD, RN

I commend Swartout and colleagues on their study1 in this issue of JAMA Pediatrics for their secondary data analysis of the 2 largest longitudinal data sets of men in college that operationalize sexual assault with a well-validated measure. The results shed additional needed light on the nature ...

Original Investigation 
Kevin M. Swartout, PhD; Mary P. Koss, PhD; Jacquelyn W. White, PhD; Martie P. Thompson, PhD; Antonia Abbey, PhD; Alexandra L. Bellis, BS
Includes: Supplemental Content, Multimedia: (powerpoint)

Importance  Rape on college campuses has been addressed recently by a presidential proclamation, federal legislation, advocacy groups, and popular media. Many initiatives assume that most college men who perpetrate rape are serial rapists. The scientific foundation for this perspective is surprisingly limited.

Objective  To determine whether ...

Editorial: Campus Sexual Assault Perpetration; Jacquelyn Campbell, PhD, RN
Annual Reviewers List  FREE
Frederick P. Rivara, MD, MPH

“You mean you do that for free? Why would you spend the time? What's in it for you?”

Alain Joffe, MD, MPH; Frederick P. Rivara, MD, MPH

How best to transition adolescents and young adults—particularly medically complex individuals or those with a chronic illness or disability—from a pediatric to an adult system of health care remains a largely unanswered question. Challenges to a smooth transition include being able to identify those most in need of ...

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