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 Showing 21-40 of 47 Articles
Special Communication 
Gary L. Darmstadt, MD; Christopher P. Howson, PhD; Gijs Walraven, MD; Robert W. Armstrong, MD; Hannah K. Blencowe, MBChB; Arnold L. Christianson, FRCP Edin; Alastair Kent, MPhil; Helen Malherbe, MSc; Jeffrey C. Murray, MD; Carmencita D. Padilla, MD; Salimah R. Walani, PhD; for the Participant Working Group of the Dar es Salaam Seventh International Conference on Birth Defects and Disabilities in the Developing World

As the Sustainable Development Goals are adopted by United Nations member states, children with congenital disorders remain left behind in policies, programs, research, and funding. Although this finding was recognized by the creation and endorsement of the 63rd World Health Assembly Resolution in 2010 calling on United Nations ...

Research Letter 
Kirsten A. Herrick, PhD, MSc; Lauren M. Rossen, PhD, MS; Brian K. Kit, MD, MPH; Chia-Yih Wang, PhD; Cynthia L. Ogden, PhD, MRP

This study reports on the secular trends of breastfeeding initiation and duration by birth weight using nationally representative data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey.

Comment & Response 
Vivian Yeo, MD; Alison Poulton, MBBChir, MD, FRACP; Anu Ashokan, MBBS, DCH

To the Editor We read with great interest the article “Genetic Differential Susceptibility to Socioeconomic Status and Childhood Obesogenic Behavior: Why Targeted Prevention May Be the Best Societal Investment,” by Silveira et al.1 In this study, the authors found that girls carrying the 7-repeat allele of DRD4...

Comment & Response 
Patrícia P. Silveira, MD, PhD; Michael J. Meaney, PhD, CQ, FRSC; Laurette Dubé, BSc, MBA, MPS, PhD

In Reply There are 2 important comments made by Yeo et al1 about our article published in JAMA Pediatrics.2 First, the authors raise the possibility that “the differences observed might not be related to environmental influence on gene expression, but rather reflect the options available ...

Christopher P. Bonafide, MD, MSCE; Damian Roland, MBBS, MRCPCH, PhD; Patrick W. Brady, MD, MSc

This Viewpoint proposes a set of recommendations for a research agenda aimed at optimizing the identification of deteriorating children to prevent in-hospital cardiopulmonary arrest.

As the medical science media disgorges its daily cornucopia of innovations in genomics, precision medicine, robotics, and artificial intelligence with the promise of revolutionizing health care, we often forget that in much of the world the basic right to life and a healthy childhood is denied to many. ...

Original Investigation 
Stine Lund, MD, PhD; Ida Marie Boas, MSc; Tariku Bedesa, BSc; Wondewossen Fekede, BSc; Henriette Svarre Nielsen, MD, PhD; Bjarke Lund Sørensen, MD, PhD
Includes: Supplemental Content

Importance  Health apps in low-income countries are emerging tools with the potential to improve quality of health care services, but few apps undergo rigorous scientific evaluation.

Objective  To determine the effects of the safe delivery app (SDA) on perinatal survival and on health care workers’ knowledge ...

Editorial: Support for Childbirth in Developing Countries; Claudia Pagliari, PhD, FRCPE
Special Communication 
Peter J. Hotez, MD, PhD

This special communication describes the spread of Zika virus infection in the Americas and what pediatric practices are needed to respond to this spread.

Leigh-Anne Cioffredi, MD; Ravi Jhaveri, MD

Importance  Management of febrile children is an intrinsic aspect of pediatric practice. Febrile children account for 15% of emergency department visits and outcomes range from the presence of serious bacterial infection to benign self-limited illness.

Observations  Studies from 1979 to 2015 examining febrile infants and children ...

Comment & Response 
Wei Bao, MD, PhD

To the Editor I read with great interest the article by Stratakis et al1 in JAMA Pediatrics. In a large pooled analysis of 15 population-based birth cohorts in Europe and the United States, Stratakis et al1 found that high maternal fish consumption (>3 times/week) during ...

Comment & Response 
Nikos Stratakis, MSc; Maurice P. Zeegers, PhD; Leda Chatzi, PhD

In Reply We are delighted that our article has generated interest in the ways that fish intake during pregnancy could affect the risk of childhood obesity. We welcome the Letters to the Editor appearing in this issue of JAMA Pediatrics highlighting vitamin D and tributyltin as nutritional and ...

Comment & Response 
Natalie K. Hyde, BBiomedSc; Sharon L. Brennan-Olsen, BA, GCALL, PhD; Julie A. Pasco, BSc, DipEd, PhD, MEpi

To the Editor We read with interest the findings published by Stratakis et al1 in JAMA Pediatrics regarding the association between maternal fish intake during pregnancy and child growth.1 The authors reported that relatively high maternal fish intake was positively associated with childhood obesity. The authors ...

Dimitri A. Christakis, MD, MPH

This Viewpoint discusses focusing on the smaller adverse childhood experiences that come from suboptimal or misguided parenting.

Megan A. Moreno, MD, MSEd, MPH; Tracy Vaillancourt, PhD

The Viewpoint highlights the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine report that takes a comprehensive look at preventing bullying through science, policy, and practice.

Prevention of obesity is among the well-recognized beneficial effects that breastfeeding exerts on a variety of organs and systems. This effect seems to occur via various mechanisms: (1) a low content of proteins in human milk as opposed to the high content found in formula and cow’s milk ...

Original Investigation 
Stefano Liguori, RN, BSN; Massimiliano Stacchini, RN, BSN; Daniele Ciofi, RN, MSN; Nicole Olivini, MD; Sofia Bisogni, RN, BSN, MSN, PhD; Filippo Festini, RN, BSN
Includes: Supplemental Content

Importance  Effective methods to reduce children’s preoperative anxiety (such as giving information beforehand, organizing a tour of the operating room [OR] before the intervention, and incorporating clown physicians) may be difficult to implement for some hospitals, as they are time-consuming and expensive and require hospital staff to ...

Original Investigation 
Katri Korpela, PhD; Anne Salonen, PhD; Lauri J. Virta, MD; Riina A. Kekkonen, PhD; Willem M. de Vos, PhD
Includes: Supplemental Content

Importance  Long duration of breastfeeding is known to reduce the frequency of infections and the risk of overweight, both of which are prevalent health problems among children, but the mechanisms are unclear.

Objectives  To test whether early-life antibiotic use in children prevents the beneficial long-term effects ...

Editorial: Obesity, Breastfeeding, Intestinal Microbiota, and Early Antibiotics; Giulia Paolella, MD; Pietro Vajro, MD
Original Investigation 
Guoying Wang, MD, PhD; Frank B. Hu, MD, PhD; Kamila B. Mistry, PhD, MPH; Cuilin Zhang, MD, PhD; Fazheng Ren, PhD; Yong Huo, MD; David Paige, MD; Tami Bartell, BS; Xiumei Hong, MD, PhD; Deanna Caruso, MS; Zhicheng Ji, BS; Zhu Chen, PhD; Yuelong Ji, MSPH; Colleen Pearson, BA; Hongkai Ji, PhD; Barry Zuckerman, MD; Tina L. Cheng, MD; Xiaobin Wang, MD, MPH, ScD
Includes: Supplemental Content

Importance  Previous reports have linked maternal prepregnancy obesity with low folate concentrations and child overweight or obesity (OWO) in separate studies. To our knowledge, the role of maternal folate concentrations, alone or in combination with maternal OWO, in child metabolic health has not been examined in a ...

Katherine K. Hsu, MD, MPH; Gale R. Burstein, MD, MPH

This Editorial discusses the US Preventive Services Task Force recommendation statement on screening for syphilis infection in nonpregnant adults and adolescents.

On My Mind 
Annie Janvier, MD, PhD

I was at Émile’s bedside, one of the newly admitted preemies. I didn’t hear anybody enter the room and so was surprised when a boisterous male voice asked:

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