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 Showing 21-31 of 31 Articles
Original Investigation 
Yvonne M. Terry-McElrath, MSA; Patrick M. O’Malley, PhD; Lloyd D. Johnston, PhD

Importance  The latest US Department of Agriculture school meal and competitive venue standards (USDA standards) aim to improve student nutrition and health. However, significant opposition has been raised to their implementation.

Objective  To examine (1) the percentages of US middle and high school students who currently ...

Original Investigation 
Abhay Lodha, MD, MSc; Mary Seshia, MBChB; Douglas D. McMillan, MD; Keith Barrington, MD; Junmin Yang, MSc; Shoo K. Lee, MD, PhD; Prakesh S. Shah, MD, MSc; for the Canadian Neonatal Network

Importance  Advantages of caffeine for apnea of prematurity have prompted clinicians to use it prophylactically even before apnea.

Objective  To determine the effect of early initiation of caffeine therapy on neonatal outcomes in very preterm infants born in Canada.

Design, Setting, and Participants  A retrospective ...

Infants born prematurely continue to make up almost 11.5% of the more than 4 million deliveries in the United States, with 1.4% of these deliveries occurring at a gestational age of 28 weeks or less.1 The work of Kastenberg et al,2 published in this issue of JAMA Pediatrics, adds to ...
Original Investigation 
Paige L. Williams, PhD; Marilyn J. Crain, MD; Cenk Yildirim, MS; Rohan Hazra, MD; Russell B. Van Dyke, MD; Kenneth Rich, MD; Jennifer S. Read, MD; Emma Stuard, MD; Mobeen Rathore, MD; Hermann A. Mendez, MD; D. Heather Watts, MD; for the Pediatric HIV/AIDS Cohort Study
Includes: Supplemental Content

Importance  Most studies examining the association of prenatal antiretroviral (ARV) exposures with congenital anomalies (CAs) in children born to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)–infected women have been reassuring, but some evidence suggests an increased risk with specific ARV agents.

Objective  To evaluate the association of in utero ...

Original Investigation 
Zachary J. Kastenberg, MD; Henry C. Lee, MD, MS; Jochen Profit, MD, MPH; Jeffrey B. Gould, MD, MPH; Karl G. Sylvester, MD

Importance  There has been a significant expansion in the number of low-level and midlevel neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) in recent decades. Infants with necrotizing enterocolitis represent a high-risk subgroup of the very low-birth-weight (VLBW) (<1500 g) population that would benefit from focused regionalization.

Objectives  To ...

Michael Posencheg, MD; Haresh Kirpalani, BM, MSc
Many questions remain about both delayed cord clamping (DCC) and umbilical cord milking (UCM). Al-Wassia and Shah1 report the first meta-analysis of UCM in infants. We review current recommendations and concerns impeding their translation into widespread practice. We next review new meta-analyses in the literature that address some of the ...
Original Investigation 
Stefan N. Hansen, MSc; Diana E. Schendel, PhD; Erik T. Parner, PhD
Includes: Supplemental Content

Importance  The prevalence of autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) has increased markedly in recent decades, which researchers have suggested could be caused in part by nonetiologic factors such as changes in diagnosis reporting practices. To our knowledge, no study has quantified the degree to which changes in reporting ...

Original Investigation 
Rebecca M. Cunningham, MD; Patrick M. Carter, MD; Megan Ranney, MPH, MD; Marc A. Zimmerman, PhD; Fred C. Blow, PhD; Brenda M. Booth, PhD; Jason Goldstick, PhD; Maureen A. Walton, MPH, PhD

Importance  Violence is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality among youth, with more than 700 000 emergency department (ED) visits annually for assault-related injuries. The risk for violent reinjury among high-risk, assault-injured youth is poorly understood.

Objective  To compare recidivism for violent injury and mortality outcomes ...

Original Investigation 
Heidi Al-Wassia, MD; Prakesh S. Shah, MD, MSc
Includes: Supplemental Content, Multimedia: (powerpoint)

Importance  Umbilical cord milking (UCM) is suggested to improve neonatal outcomes.

Objectives  To perform a systematic review and meta-analysis of the efficacy and safety of UCM in full-term and preterm neonates.

Data Sources  A systematic search of MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, the Cochrane Database of Clinical ...

Annual Reviewers List  FREE
Frederick P. Rivara, MD, MPH
“You mean you do that for free? Why would you spend the time? What's in it for you?”
Alain Joffe, MD, MPH; Frederick P. Rivara, MD, MPH
How best to transition adolescents and young adults—particularly medically complex individuals or those with a chronic illness or disability—from a pediatric to an adult system of health care remains a largely unanswered question. Challenges to a smooth transition include being able to identify those most in need of transition planning, ...

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