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 Showing 21-35 of 35 Articles
Original Investigation 
Veeral N. Tolia, MD; Karna Murthy, MD, MSc; Pam S. McKinley, MS-PSL, RN, CPPS; Monica M. Bennett, PhD; Reese H. Clark, MD

Importance  Prophylactic vitamin A supplementation has been shown to reduce the incidence of chronic lung disease or death in extremely low-birth-weight infants. Beginning in 2010, a national shortage reduced the supply of vitamin A available.

Objective  To estimate the association between vitamin A supplementation and death ...

Original Investigation 
Georgina M. Chambers, PhD, MBA, BAppSci(MLS), GradDip(Comp); Van Phuong Hoang, PhD(Econ), MPP, BEco; Evelyn Lee, MEco(Health), BA; Michele Hansen, PhD, MPH, BSc; Elizabeth A. Sullivan, MD, MPH, MMed(Sexual Health), MBBS, FAFPHM; Carol Bower, PhD, MBBS, MSc; Michael Chapman, MBBS, FRCOG, FRANZCOG, CREI

Importance  The unprecedented increase in multiple births during the past 3 decades is a major public health concern and parallels the uptake of medically assisted conception. The economic implications of such births are not well understood.

Objectives  To conduct a comprehensive economic and health services assessment ...

Parminder S. Suchdev, MD, MPH; Robert F. Breiman, MD; Barbara J. Stoll, MD
This Viewpoint calls for collaborative action in order for academic health centers to improve global child health.
Matthew M. Laughon, MD, MPH
Bronchopulmonary dysplasia is the most common serious pulmonary morbidity in premature infants.1 Premature infants with bronchopulmonary dysplasia are at increased risk of death, and survivors have life-long morbidities.1- 3 Despite the increased survival of extremely premature infants, bronchopulmonary dysplasia remains a major morbidity.1,2,4 Approximately 40% of infants born between 22 ...
Pooja Mehta, MD; Mark Pauly, PhD
The equivalent efficacy and superior safety of elective single embryo transfer (SET) compared with elective multiple embryo transfer (MET) after in vitro fertilization (IVF) has been established in recent medical literature. The transfer of a single high-quality embryo selected from a larger number of available embryos after IVF does not ...
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) emerged in the late 1980s and is a leading cause of skin and soft-tissue infections (SSTIs) in the United States.1 Unlike hospital-associated MRSA strains, community-associated MRSA strains, commonly designated USA300 by use of pulsed-field gel electrophoresis, initially were found in children without health care exposure. These ...
Neil L. Schechter, MD
In the past 30 years, a major shift has occurred in the way that pediatric pain is conceptualized and treated. Although pain management was widely viewed as inadequate in adults in the 1970s, the classic report by Eland and Anderson1 documented that children’s pain management was far worse, with an ...
Original Investigation 
Meera Kotagal, MD, MPH; Adam C. Carle, MA, PhD; Larry G. Kessler, ScD; David R. Flum, MD, MPH

Importance  The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA) allowed young adults to remain on their parents’ insurance until 26 years of age. Reports indicate that this has expanded health coverage.

Objective  To evaluate coverage, access to care, and health care use among 19- to 25-year-olds ...

Original Investigation 
Stephanie A. Fritz, MD, MSCI; Patrick G. Hogan, MPH; Lauren N. Singh, MPH; Ryley M. Thompson; Meghan A. Wallace, BS; Krista Whitney, MD; Duha Al-Zubeidi, MD; Carey-Ann D. Burnham, PhD; Victoria J. Fraser, MD
Includes: Supplemental Content

Importance  Household environmental surfaces may serve as vectors for the acquisition and spread of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) among household members, although few studies have evaluated which objects are important reservoirs of MRSA.

Objectives  To determine the prevalence of environmental MRSA contamination in households of children ...

Eric Trupin, PhD; Nicholas Weiss, MD; Suzanne E. U. Kerns, PhD
The past 2 decades have seen remarkable growth in the development of cost-beneficial, evidence-based programs in pediatric health, behavioral health, youth juvenile justice, and child welfare. Despite the economic and system constraints that have slowed broad dissemination, research-proven approaches have exceptional potential to improve population-level well-being while simultaneously protecting society ...
Original Investigation 
Frank J. Elgar, PhD; Anthony Napoletano, BA; Grace Saul, BA; Melanie A. Dirks, PhD; Wendy Craig, PhD; V. Paul Poteat, PhD; Melissa Holt, PhD; Brian W. Koenig, MS
Includes: Supplemental Content

Importance  This study presents evidence that cyberbullying victimization relates to internalizing, externalizing, and substance use problems in adolescents and that the frequency of family dinners attenuate these associations.

Objectives  To examine the unique association between cyberbullying victimization and adolescent mental health (after controlling differences in involvement ...

On My Mind 
Monica Stemmle, MD
I love working nights. I’m a pediatrician at a county hospital, and it’s a great job. The work is interesting, and the daytime hassles seem distant (even hospital administrators sleep sometimes!). I love spending the day with my kids; then, just as their activities and their activity levels are winding ...
Catherine P. Bradshaw, PhD, MEd
Bullying is a significant public health concern that has garnered considerable attention by the media, policy makers, educators, parents, and researchers. In some ways, its increased visibility has followed a similar trajectory to the issue of child maltreatment, whereby research on short- and long-term impacts of maltreatment, high-profile case examples, ...
Annual Reviewers List  FREE
Frederick P. Rivara, MD, MPH
“You mean you do that for free? Why would you spend the time? What's in it for you?”
Alain Joffe, MD, MPH; Frederick P. Rivara, MD, MPH
How best to transition adolescents and young adults—particularly medically complex individuals or those with a chronic illness or disability—from a pediatric to an adult system of health care remains a largely unanswered question. Challenges to a smooth transition include being able to identify those most in need of transition planning, ...

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