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 Showing 21-40 of 61 Articles
Original Investigation 
Jason H. Greenberg, MD, MHS; Michael Zappitelli, MD, MSc; Prasad Devarajan, MD; Heather R. Thiessen-Philbrook, MMath; Catherine Krawczeski, MD; Simon Li, MD, MPH; Amit X. Garg, MD; Steve Coca, DO, MS; Chirag R. Parikh, MD, PhD; for the TRIBE-AKI Consortium
Includes: Supplemental Content

Importance  Acute kidney injury (AKI) after pediatric cardiac surgery is associated with high short-term morbidity and mortality; however, the long-term kidney outcomes are unclear.

Objective  To assess long-term kidney outcomes after pediatric cardiac surgery and to determine if perioperative AKI is associated with worse long-term kidney ...

Original Investigation 
Jeffrey D. Colvin, MD, JD; Matt Hall, PhD; Jay G. Berry, MD, MPH; Laura M. Gottlieb, MD, MPH; Jessica L. Bettenhausen, MD; Samir S. Shah, MD, MSCE; Evan S. Fieldston, MD, MBA, MSHP; Patrick H. Conway, MD, MSc; Paul J. Chung, MD, MS
Includes: Supplemental Content

Importance  Medicaid payments tend to be less than the cost of care. Federal Disproportionate Share Hospital (DSH) payments help hospitals recover such uncompensated costs of Medicaid-insured and uninsured patients. The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act reduces DSH payments in anticipation of fewer uninsured patients and therefore ...

Editorial: Medicaid and Children’s Hospitals; Matthew M. Davis, MD, MAPP; Kristin Kan, MD, MPH, MSc
Research Letter 
Douglas J. Wiebe, PhD; Michael L. Nance, MD; Eileen Houseknecht, RN; Matthew F. Grady, MD; Nicole Otto, MD; Danielle K. Sandsmark, MD; Christina L. Master, MD

This study evaluates ecologic momentary assessment following youth concussion.

Comment & Response 
Ben Z. Katz, MD

To the Editor I hate to disagree with my learned colleague Dr Peter Hotez,1 but I believe some of the analogies he presents in his JAMA Pediatrics article “What Does Zika Virus Mean for the Children of the Americas?” are exaggerated and misleading.1

Comment & Response 
Peter J. Hotez, MD, PhD

In Reply It’s always good to hear from my friend, respected colleague, and former Yale University mentor Ben Katz. However, I disagree with some of his assessments. While it’s true that in adults there is no comparison between the disease severity of Zika and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/AIDS, ...

Research Letter 
Jing Xu, PhD, MA; Rajdeep Gill, PharmD; Marisa Cruz, MD; Judy Staffa, PhD, RPh; Peter Lurie, MD, MPH

This study examined the effect of pediatric labeling for OxyContin on dispensing of all extended-release oxycodone products, using national data on dispensed prescriptions in outpatient retail pharmacies before and after the label change.

On My Mind 
Rachel Baumann Manzo, MD

A bed rolls down the hall of our pediatric intensive care unit, trailed by an entourage of health care workers. The border-crosser must have arrived. Earlier this morning, our team was notified that an adolescent girl had been picked up in the desert and was not in good ...

Editorial 
Neal Halfon, MD, MPH

In this issue of JAMA Pediatrics, Gottlieb and colleagues1 extend the emerging body of research on screening for and addressing social determinants of health (SDH) in health care settings. This cluster-randomized clinical trial is remarkable for many reasons, including, most notably, that a relatively straightforward intervention ...

Original Investigation 
Changzheng Yuan, ScD; Audrey J. Gaskins, ScD; Arianna I. Blaine, ScM; Cuilin Zhang, MD, PhD; Matthew W. Gillman, MD, SM; Stacey A. Missmer, ScD; Alison E. Field, ScD; Jorge E. Chavarro, MD, ScD
Includes: Supplemental Content

Importance  Cesarean birth has been associated with higher risk of obesity in offspring, but previous studies have focused primarily on childhood obesity and have been hampered by limited control for confounders.

Objective  To investigate the association between cesarean birth and risk of obesity in offspring.

Design, ...

Original Investigation 
Laura M. Gottlieb, MD, MPH; Danielle Hessler, PhD; Dayna Long, MD; Ellen Laves, MD; Abigail R. Burns, MDc, MSWc; Anais Amaya, BA; Patricia Sweeney, BA; Christine Schudel, MSW, MPH; Nancy E. Adler, PhD
Includes: Supplemental Content

Importance  Social determinants of health shape both children’s immediate health and their lifetime risk for disease. Increasingly, pediatric health care organizations are intervening to address family social adversity. However, little evidence is available on the effectiveness of related interventions.

Objective  To evaluate the effects of social ...

Research Letter 
Jessica A. Nadeau, PhD; Louise-Anne McNutt, PhD; Jana Shaw, MD, MPH, MS

This study assesses vaccination coverage rates and factors associated with either incomplete vaccination or exemptions among school-age children in New York State public schools outside of New York City.

Research Letter 
Johanna M. Uitti, MD; Paula A. Tähtinen, MD, PhD; Miia K. Laine, MD, PhD; Aino Ruohola, MD, PhD

This study examines whether close follow-up with reexamination is needed for children with acute otitis media initially managed without antimicrobial agents who have symptomatic improvement during the first week.

Original Investigation 
Marc Auerbach, MD, MSci; Travis Whitfill, MPH; Marcie Gawel, MSN; David Kessler, MD, MSc; Barbara Walsh, MD; Sandeep Gangadharan, MD; Melinda Fiedor Hamilton, MD, MSc, FAHA; Brian Schultz, MD; Akira Nishisaki, MD; Khoon-Yen Tay, MD; Megan Lavoie, MD; Jessica Katznelson, MD; Robert Dudas, MD; Janette Baird, PhD; Vinay Nadkarni, MD; Linda Brown, MD, MSCE
Includes: Supplemental Content

Importance  The quality of pediatric resuscitative care delivered across the spectrum of emergency departments (EDs) in the United States is poorly described. In a recent study, more than 4000 EDs completed the Pediatric Readiness Survey (PRS); however, the correlation of PRS scores with the quality of simulated ...

Review 
Patrick Hanley, MD; Katherine Lord, MD; Andrew J. Bauer, MD

Importance  Normal thyroid gland function is critical for early neurocognitive development, as well as for growth and development throughout childhood and adolescence. Thyroid disorders are common, and attention to physical examination findings, combined with selected laboratory and radiologic tools, aids in the early diagnosis and treatment.

Objective...

Comment & Response 
Ernest Cutz, MD, FRCPC

In Reply In response to Dr Schmidt regarding the JAMA Pediatrics article “The Disappearance of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome: Has the Clock Turned Back?,”1 the purpose of this article was to bring attention to the dismal state of practices dealing with sudden unexpected infant deaths including sudden ...

Comment & Response 
Carl J. Schmidt, MD, MPH

To the Editor Cutz’s Viewpoint1 “The Disappearance of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome: Has the Clock Turned Back?” contains misconceptions about forensic pathology and the investigation of sudden infant death. Forensic pathologists are not trained to seek out “causes of trauma and unnatural deaths, not to diagnose medical ...

Viewpoint 
Joel L. Bass, MD; Tina Gartley, MD; Ronald Kleinman, MD

This Viewpoint argues that rigid adherence to the Ten Steps to Successful Breastfeeding component of the Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative may inadvertently promote potentially hazardous practices.

Viewpoint 
Joan Younger Meek, MD; Lawrence Noble, MD

This Viewpoint discusses the Ten Steps to Successful Breastfeeding component of the Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative, intended to optimize newborn care and health in the immediate postpartum period.

Advances in biology are providing deeper insights into how early experiences are built into the body with lasting effects on learning, behavior, and health. Numerous evaluations of interventions for young children facing adversity have demonstrated multiple, positive effects but they have been highly variable and difficult to sustain ...

Research Letter 
Kristin N. Ray, MD, MS; Ateev Mehrotra, MD, MPH

This study uses data from the 2002-2013 Medical Expenditure Panel Survey to describe how access to primary care has changed over the last decade for children.

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