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 Showing 21-33 of 33 Articles
Original Investigation 
Teresa B. Gibson, PhD; Stanley A. Herring, MD; Jeffrey S. Kutcher, MD; Steven P. Broglio, PhD, ATC
Includes: Supplemental Content

Importance  In 2009, Washington State enacted legislation outlining the medical care of children and adolescents with concussion (ie, the Lystedt Law), with all other states and Washington, DC passing legislation by January 2014.

Objective  To evaluate the effect of concussion laws on health care utilization rates ...

Original Investigation 
Adam Cheng, MD; Linda L. Brown, MD, MSCE; Jonathan P. Duff, MD; Jennifer Davidson, RN; Frank Overly, MD; Nancy M. Tofil, MD, MEd; Dawn T. Peterson, PhD; Marjorie L. White, MD, MPPM, MEd; Farhan Bhanji, MD; Ilana Bank, MD; Ronald Gottesman, MD; Mark Adler, MD; John Zhong, MD; Vincent Grant, MD; David J. Grant, MBChB, MRCPCH; Stephanie N. Sudikoff, MD; Kimberly Marohn, MD; Alex Charnovich, MD; Elizabeth A. Hunt, MD, MPH, PhD; David O. Kessler, MD, MSc; Hubert Wong, MD; Nicola Robertson, BSc; Yiqun Lin, MD; Quynh Doan, MD, PhD; Jordan M. Duval-Arnould, MPH, CPH; Vinay M. Nadkarni, MD; for the International Network for Simulation-Based Pediatric Innovation, Research, & Education (INSPIRE) CPR Investigators
Includes: Supplemental Content

Importance  The quality of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) affects hemodynamics, survival, and neurological outcomes following pediatric cardiopulmonary arrest (CPA). Most health care professionals fail to perform CPR within established American Heart Association guidelines.

Objective  To determine whether “just-in-time” (JIT) CPR training with visual feedback (VisF) before CPA ...

Editorial 
Pranita D. Tamma, MD, MHS; Aaron M. Milstone, MD, MHS
The ability to provide long-term antibiotic therapy for acute osteomyelitis was revolutionized by the use of peripherally inserted central catheters (PICCs). Peripherally inserted central catheters provided an alternative for children to receive antibiotic therapy outside the health care setting, which reduced their hospital length of stay and improved their quality ...
Original Investigation 
Ron Keren, MD, MPH; Samir S. Shah, MD, MSCE; Rajendu Srivastava, MD, FRCPC, MPH; Shawn Rangel, MD; Michael Bendel-Stenzel, MD; Nada Harik, MD; John Hartley, DO; Michelle Lopez, MD; Luis Seguias, MD; Joel Tieder, MD; Matthew Bryan, PhD; Wu Gong, MS; Matt Hall, PhD; Russell Localio, PhD; Xianqun Luan, MS; Rachel deBerardinis, BA; Allison Parker, MS; for the Pediatric Research in Inpatient Settings Network
Includes: Supplemental Content, Multimedia: (powerpoint)

Importance  Postdischarge treatment of acute osteomyelitis in children requires weeks of antibiotic therapy, which can be administered orally or intravenously via a peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC). The catheters carry a risk for serious complications, but limited evidence exists on the effectiveness of oral therapy.

Objective  ...

Review 
Valerio Nobili, MD; Naim Alkhouri, MD; Anna Alisi, PhD; Claudia Della Corte, MD; Emer Fitzpatrick, MD; Massimiliano Raponi, MD; Anil Dhawan, MD

Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the hepatic manifestation of the metabolic syndrome and is considered the most common form of chronic liver disease in children. Several factors contribute to NAFLD development, including race/ethnicity, genetic factors, environmental exposures, and alterations in the gut microbiome. The histologic spectrum of ...

Viewpoint 
Nancy A. Dodson, MD, MPH; David Hemenway, PhD
At a meeting of the Greater Boston Interfaith Organization in April 2013, Mirna Luz Ramos takes the microphone. With a cracking voice and tears, she talks about her 19-year-old son, Jorge. He was shot and killed while walking the dog outside of her home. She found him dying on the ...
Original Investigation 
Cheryl K. Walker, MD; Paula Krakowiak, PhD; Alice Baker, MPH; Robin L. Hansen, MD; Sally Ozonoff, PhD; Irva Hertz-Picciotto, PhD
Includes: Supplemental Content

Importance  Increasing evidence suggests that autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and many forms of developmental delay (DD) originate during fetal development. Preeclampsia may trigger aberrant neurodevelopment through placental, maternal, and fetal physiologic mechanisms.

Objective  To determine whether preeclampsia is associated with ASD and/or DD.

Design, Setting, and ...

Original Investigation 
Samir Soneji, PhD; James D. Sargent, MD; Susanne E. Tanski, MD, MPH; Brian A. Primack, MD, PhD
Includes: Supplemental Content

Importance  Many adolescents and young adults use alternative tobacco products, such as water pipes and snus, instead of cigarettes.

Objective  To assess whether prior water pipe tobacco smoking and snus use among never smokers are risk factors for subsequent cigarette smoking.

Design, Setting, and Participants  ...

Viewpoint 
Julia Potter, MD; Atsuko Koyama, MD, MPH; Mandy S. Coles, MD, MPH
Long-acting reversible contraceptive (LARC) methods are gaining greater popularity in the United States as both patients and health care professionals become educated about their high contraceptive efficacy, relatively few contraindications, and ease of use. In fact, LARC is recommended by the American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists and the American ...
Original Investigation 
Kristin Bernard, PhD; Camelia E. Hostinar, PhD; Mary Dozier, PhD

Importance  A number of interventions for at-risk children have shown benefits for children’s hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis activity immediately after treatment. It is critical to examine whether such changes are maintained over time, given that physiological regulation is implicated in later mental and physical health outcomes.

Objective  To ...

Original Investigation 
Denise Kendrick, DM; Asiya Maula, MPH; Richard Reading, MD; Paul Hindmarch, MA; Carol Coupland, PhD; Michael Watson, PhD; Mike Hayes, PhD; Toity Deave, PhD
Includes: Supplemental Content

Importance  Falls from furniture are common in young children but there is little evidence on protective factors for these falls.

Objective  To estimate associations for risk and protective factors for falls from furniture in children aged 0 to 4 years.

Design, Setting, and Participants  Multicenter ...

Annual Reviewers List  FREE
Frederick P. Rivara, MD, MPH
“You mean you do that for free? Why would you spend the time? What's in it for you?”
Editorial 
Alain Joffe, MD, MPH; Frederick P. Rivara, MD, MPH
How best to transition adolescents and young adults—particularly medically complex individuals or those with a chronic illness or disability—from a pediatric to an adult system of health care remains a largely unanswered question. Challenges to a smooth transition include being able to identify those most in need of transition planning, ...
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