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 Showing 21-37 of 37 Articles
Original Investigation 
Richard G. Bachur, MD; Jason A. Levy, MD; Michael J. Callahan, MD; Shawn J. Rangel, MD; Michael C. Monuteaux, ScD
Includes: Supplemental Content, Multimedia: (powerpoint)

Importance  Advanced diagnostic imaging is commonly used in the evaluation of suspected appendicitis in children. Despite its inferior diagnostic performance, ultrasonography (US) is now preferred to computed tomography (CT) owing to concerns about ionizing radiation exposure. With changes in imaging modalities, the influence on outcomes should be ...

Editorial: Campaigns Against Ionizing Radiation and Pediatric Appendicitis; Morgan K. Richards, MD, MPH; Meera Kotagal, MD, MPH; Adam B. Goldin, MD, MPH
Michele P. Hamm, PhD; Amanda S. Newton, PhD; Annabritt Chisholm, BSc; Jocelyn Shulhan, BSc; Andrea Milne, MLIS; Purnima Sundar, PhD; Heather Ennis, MA; Shannon D. Scott, PhD; Lisa Hartling, PhD
Includes: Supplemental Content

Importance  Social media has had a profound effect on how children and adolescents interact. While there are many benefits to the use of social media, cyberbullying has emerged as a potential harm, raising questions regarding its influence on mental health.

Objective  To review existing publications that ...

Research Letter 
Robert G. Badgett, MD; Mohinder Vindhyal, MD; Jason T. Stirnaman, MLS; C. Michael Gibson, MD; Rim Halaby, MD

This research letter explores the method of a living systematic review using the topic of nebulized hypertonic saline for bronchiolitis.

Marianne E. McPherson, PhD, MS; Peter A. Gloor, PhD; Lauren A. Smith, MD, MPH

This Viewpoint discusses using Collaborative Improvement and Innovation Networks to address complex problems related to children’s health.

On My Mind 
Philip B. Cawkwell, BA

“You want to talk about his weight, don’t you?”

Hilary J. Vernon, MD, PhD

Inborn errors of metabolism (IEMs) are a large class of genetic disorders characterized by disruption of cellular biochemical functions. Although individual IEMs are rare, collectively they represent a large and diverse class of genetic conditions, with new disorders and disease mechanisms being described regularly. Advances in the understanding ...

Research Letter 
Francis de Zegher, MD, PhD; Marta Díaz, PhD; Lourdes Ibáñez, MD, PhD

This research letter explores whether differential telomere lengthening could exert more long-term benefits compared with oral contraceptives in adolescent girls with hyperinsulinemic androgen excess.

Lisa G. Smithers, MPH, PhD; Michael S. Kramer, MD; John W. Lynch, MPH, MEd, PhD

This Viewpoint explains the strengths and weaknesses of different study designs as they relate to the breastfeeding literature, then assesses the effect of breastfeeding on obesity and IQ.

Original Investigation 
Angela Kribs, MD; Claudia Roll, MD; Wolfgang Göpel, MD; Christian Wieg, MD; Peter Groneck, MD; Reinhard Laux, MD; Norbert Teig, MD; Thomas Hoehn, MD; Wolfgang Böhm, MD; Lars Welzing, MD; Matthias Vochem, MD; Marc Hoppenz, MD; Christoph Bührer, MD; Katrin Mehler, MD; Hartmut Stützer, PhD; Jeremy Franklin, PhD; Andreas Stöhr, PhD; Egbert Herting, MD; Bernhard Roth, MD; for the NINSAPP Trial Investigators
Includes: Supplemental Content

Importance  Treatment of respiratory distress syndrome in premature infants with continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) preserves surfactant and keeps the lung open but is insufficient in severe surfactant deficiency. Traditional surfactant administration is related to short periods of positive pressure ventilation and implies the risk of lung ...

Editorial: CPAP, Surfactant, or Both for the Preterm Infant; Peter A. Dargaville, MBBS, FRACP, MD
Original Investigation 
Tetsuya Isayama, MD; Chatree Chai-Adisaksopha, MD; Sarah D. McDonald, MD, MSc
Includes: Supplemental Content

Importance  Controversy exists regarding which of the 2 major strategies currently used to prevent chronic lung disease (CLD) in preterm infants is optimal: noninvasive continuous positive airway pressure (NCPAP) or intubate-surfactant-extubate (INSURE). Preterm infants often require surfactant administration because of respiratory distress syndrome.

Objective  To evaluate ...

Editorial: CPAP, Surfactant, or Both for the Preterm Infant; Peter A. Dargaville, MBBS, FRACP, MD
Marian Jarlenski, PhD, MPH

This Viewpoint discusses the future of the Children’s Health Insurance Program.

Michael W. Kuzniewicz, MD, MPH; Nicola P. Klein, MD, PhD

In this issue of JAMA Pediatrics, DeMeo et al1 report on the incidence of adverse effects after immunization of extremely low-birth-weight (ELBW) infants in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). They report that there is an increase in the incidence of sepsis evaluations, respiratory support, and intubation ...

Original Investigation 
Stephen D. DeMeo, DO; Sudha R. Raman, PhD; Christoph P. Hornik, MD, MPH; Catherine C. Wilson, DNP, NNP-BC, FNP-BC; Reese Clark, MD; P. Brian Smith, MD, MPH, MHS

Importance  Immunization of extremely low-birth-weight (ELBW) infants in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) is associated with adverse events, including fever and apnea or bradycardia, in the immediate postimmunization period. These adverse events present a diagnostic dilemma for physicians, leading to the potential for immunization delay and ...

Editorial: Differentiating Sepsis From Adverse Events After Immunization; Michael W. Kuzniewicz, MD, MPH; Nicola P. Klein, MD, PhD
Research Letter 
Kimberly A. Randell, MD, MSc; Donna O’Malley, PhD, RN; M. Denise Dowd, MD, MPH

Prompted by a growing body of evidence demonstrating the significant lifelong effect of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and toxic stress, health care professionals have begun to address these issues more directly.13 The parental history of ACE may serve as a marker of risk for child ...

Annual Reviewers List  FREE
Frederick P. Rivara, MD, MPH

“You mean you do that for free? Why would you spend the time? What's in it for you?”

Alain Joffe, MD, MPH; Frederick P. Rivara, MD, MPH

How best to transition adolescents and young adults—particularly medically complex individuals or those with a chronic illness or disability—from a pediatric to an adult system of health care remains a largely unanswered question. Challenges to a smooth transition include being able to identify those most in need of ...

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