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Basic View | Expanded View
 Showing 1-20 of 30 Articles
Ernest Cutz, MD, FRCPC

This Viewpoint describes how the diagnostic term Sudden Infant Death Syndrome has fallen out of favor.

On My Mind 
Rachel Osborn, MD

“Many women feel like they aren’t making enough milk, but you are. You’ll be successful if you keep at it.” These words sprung from my mouth at countless visits with mothers of newborns, often chased by my next sentence: “This is the most precious thing you can offer ...

It has long been appreciated by those studying diverse aspects of health and human development that some individuals may be more vulnerable to adversity than others. That is, because of some personal attribute(s) that could be genetic, physiologic, and/or behavioral in character, some children and adults are more ...

Original Investigation 
Briannon C. O’Connor, PhD; R. Eric Lewandowski, PhD; Stephanie Rodriguez, BS; Aldo Tinoco, MD, MPH, MS; William Gardner, PhD; Kimberly Hoagwood, PhD; Sarah Hudson Scholle, MPH, DrPH

Importance  Published guidelines describing effective adolescent depression care in primary care settings include screening, assessment, treatment initiation, and symptom monitoring. It is unclear the extent to which these steps are documented in patient health records.

Objective  To determine rates of appropriate follow-up care for adolescents with ...

Original Investigation 
Patricia P. Silveira, MD, PhD; Hélène Gaudreau, PhD; Leslie Atkinson, PhD; Alison S. Fleming, PhD; Marla B. Sokolowski, PhD; Meir Steiner, MD, PhD; James L. Kennedy, MD, MSc; Michael J. Meaney, PhD, CQ, FRSC; Robert D. Levitan, MD, FRCPC; Laurette Dubé, BSc, MBA, MPS, PhD

Importance  Genes may work by modulating the way individuals respond to environmental variation, and these discrete and differential genes vs environmental interactions may not be readily captured in simple association studies.

Objective  To determine whether children carrying the 7-repeat allele of the DRD4 gene living under ...

Editorial: The Differential Susceptibility Hypothesis; Jay Belsky, PhD
Editor's Note 
Frederick P. Rivara, MD, MPH

The 2009 Children’s Health Insurance Program Reauthorization Act (CHIPRA) included requirements for the development of a core set of children’s health care quality measures and the development of a Pediatric Quality Measures Program. Seven Centers of Excellence were funded by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality and ...

Editorial  FREE
Paul H. Wise, MD, MPH; Gary L. Darmstadt, MD, MS

There is something deeply troubling about a death that goes unnoticed. Beyond the humane impulse to provide solace through collective acknowledgment and community support lies the recognition that an unnoticed death implies an unnoticed life. There can be no doubt that the accurate counting and causal attribution of ...

Mimi L. K. Tang, MBBS, PhD, FRACP, FRCPA; Caroline J. Lodge, MBBS, PhD

Allergic diseases, such as atopic dermatitis (AD), food allergy, asthma, and allergic rhinitis, and other noncommunicable diseases share a common underlying pathogenesis involving aberrant chronic inflammation that results from dysregulation of immune response patterns, which are established in early life.1 The infant intestinal microbiota plays a critical ...

Original Investigation 
Sean Gleeson, MD; Kelly Kelleher, MD; William Gardner, PhD

Importance  Pay for performance (P4P) is a mechanism by which purchasers of health care offer greater financial rewards to physicians for improving processes or outcomes of care. To our knowledge, P4P has not been studied within the context of a pediatric accountable care organization (ACO).

Objective  ...

Original Investigation 
Yung-Sen Chang, MD, MPH; Michelle K. Trivedi, MD, MPH; Ayan Jha, MBBS, MPH; Yen-Feng Lin, MD; Liezeel Dimaano, MD, MPH; Maria T. García-Romero, MD, MPH
Includes: Supplemental Content

Importance  Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a highly prevalent condition that may be associated with an altered gastrointestinal microbiota that promotes an immune environment more susceptible to allergic disease. Synbiotics, a mixture of prebiotics and probiotics, have been used for the prevention and treatment of AD.

Objective  ...

Editorial: Using Synbiotics to Treat or Prevent Atopic Dermatitis; Mimi L. K. Tang, MBBS, PhD, FRACP, FRCPA; Caroline J. Lodge, MBBS, PhD
Special Communication  FREE
Global Burden of Disease Pediatrics Collaboration
Includes: Supplemental Content

Importance  The literature focuses on mortality among children younger than 5 years. Comparable information on nonfatal health outcomes among these children and the fatal and nonfatal burden of diseases and injuries among older children and adolescents is scarce.

Objective  To determine levels and trends in the ...

Editorial: The Grand Divergence in Global Child Health; Paul H. Wise, MD, MPH; Gary L. Darmstadt, MD, MS
Comment & Response 
Martha A. Q. Curley, RN, PhD; Elaine C. Meyer, PhD, RN

To the Editor We welcome the article by Mehrotra et al1 as an opportunity to discuss reframing family-centered care of sick children with high-consequence pathogens. The authors provide a thoughtful summary of the challenges in delivering safe, effective, and compassionate care in the context of ever-increasing infectious ...

Comment & Response 
Preeti Mehrotra, MD; Andi L. Shane, MD, MPH, MSc; Aaron M. Milstone, MD, MHS

In Reply We appreciate the response by Curley and Meyer to our Viewpoint titled “Family-Centered Care and High-Consequence Pathogens: Thinking Outside the Room”1 and the continued dialogue regarding family-centered care and high-consequence pathogens. We agree with the assertion that family-centered care and parental presence remain a vital ...

Sharon Levy, MD, MPH; Elissa R Weitzman, ScD, MSc

This Viewpoint emphasizes the need for a marijuana surveillance system that augments traditional survey surveillance with novel approaches.

Lindsey Turner, PhD; Erin Hager, PhD

Sometimes, a very simple intervention can have a powerful effect. The study by Schwartz and colleagues1 in this issue of JAMA Pediatrics adds to a growing body of evidence supporting the importance of providing drinking water access in schools. In this study,1 the findings demonstrate that ...

Original Investigation 
Amy Ellen Schwartz, PhD; Michele Leardo, MA; Siddhartha Aneja, MPA; Brian Elbel, PhD, MPH

Importance  Decreasing the amount of caloric beverages consumed and simultaneously increasing water consumption is important to promoting child health and decreasing the prevalence of childhood obesity.

Objective  To estimate the impact of water jets (electrically cooled, large clear jugs with a push lever for fast dispensing) ...

Editorial: The Power of a Simple Intervention to Improve Student Health; Lindsey Turner, PhD; Erin Hager, PhD
Research Letter 
Kevin Messacar, MD; Stephen M. M. Hawkins, MD; Joyce Baker, MBA, RRT-NPS, AE-C; Kelly Pearce, BA; Suhong Tong, MS; Samuel R. Dominguez, MD, PhD; Sarah Parker, MD

This study describes the resource burden of the 2014 outbreak of enterovirus D68 respiratory disease at a children’s hospital.

Comment & Response 
Ruoyan Gai Tobe, MSc, PhD

To the Editor Kaiser et al1 reported association between transient newborn hypoglycemia and test proficiency in an annual birth cohort at a university hospital in Arkansas. We have some concerns regarding the generalization of the association.

Comment & Response 
Jeffrey R. Kaiser, MD, MA; Shasha Bai, PhD; Nahed O. ElHassan, MD

In Reply We thank Dr Tobe for the interest in our article.1 Dr Tobe stated that our study was not population based, and the results may not be generalizable to the overall US population. In our study, we defined the study population as the entire birth cohort ...

Correction  FREE

In the Letter to the Editor titled “Breastfeeding and Childhood Leukemia Incidence: Duplicate Data Inadvertently Included in the Meta-analysis and Consideration of Possible Confounders,”1 published in the November 2015 issue, an author’s name was presented incorrectly. The third author’s name should have been J. Lee Nelson, MD, ...

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