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 Showing 1-20 of 49 Articles
Christopher P. Bonafide, MD, MSCE; Damian Roland, MBBS, MRCPCH, PhD; Patrick W. Brady, MD, MSc

This Viewpoint proposes a set of recommendations for a research agenda aimed at optimizing the identification of deteriorating children to prevent in-hospital cardiopulmonary arrest.

As the medical science media disgorges its daily cornucopia of innovations in genomics, precision medicine, robotics, and artificial intelligence with the promise of revolutionizing health care, we often forget that in much of the world the basic right to life and a healthy childhood is denied to many. ...

Original Investigation  FREE
Stine Lund, MD, PhD; Ida Marie Boas, MSc; Tariku Bedesa, BSc; Wondewossen Fekede, BSc; Henriette Svarre Nielsen, MD, PhD; Bjarke Lund Sørensen, MD, PhD
Includes: Supplemental Content

Importance  Health apps in low-income countries are emerging tools with the potential to improve quality of health care services, but few apps undergo rigorous scientific evaluation.

Objective  To determine the effects of the safe delivery app (SDA) on perinatal survival and on health care workers’ knowledge ...

Editorial: Support for Childbirth in Developing Countries; Claudia Pagliari, PhD, FRCPE
Special Communication  FREE
Peter J. Hotez, MD, PhD

This special communication describes the spread of Zika virus infection in the Americas and what pediatric practices are needed to respond to this spread.

Leigh-Anne Cioffredi, MD; Ravi Jhaveri, MD

Importance  Management of febrile children is an intrinsic aspect of pediatric practice. Febrile children account for 15% of emergency department visits and outcomes range from the presence of serious bacterial infection to benign self-limited illness.

Observations  Studies from 1979 to 2015 examining febrile infants and children ...

Comment & Response 
Wei Bao, MD, PhD

To the Editor I read with great interest the article by Stratakis et al1 in JAMA Pediatrics. In a large pooled analysis of 15 population-based birth cohorts in Europe and the United States, Stratakis et al1 found that high maternal fish consumption (>3 times/week) during ...

Comment & Response 
Nikos Stratakis, MSc; Maurice P. Zeegers, PhD; Leda Chatzi, PhD

In Reply We are delighted that our article has generated interest in the ways that fish intake during pregnancy could affect the risk of childhood obesity. We welcome the Letters to the Editor appearing in this issue of JAMA Pediatrics highlighting vitamin D and tributyltin as nutritional and ...

Comment & Response 
Natalie K. Hyde, BBiomedSc; Sharon L. Brennan-Olsen, BA, GCALL, PhD; Julie A. Pasco, BSc, DipEd, PhD, MEpi

To the Editor We read with interest the findings published by Stratakis et al1 in JAMA Pediatrics regarding the association between maternal fish intake during pregnancy and child growth.1 The authors reported that relatively high maternal fish intake was positively associated with childhood obesity. The authors ...

Dimitri A. Christakis, MD, MPH

This Viewpoint discusses focusing on the smaller adverse childhood experiences that come from suboptimal or misguided parenting.

Megan A. Moreno, MD, MSEd, MPH; Tracy Vaillancourt, PhD

The Viewpoint highlights the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine report that takes a comprehensive look at preventing bullying through science, policy, and practice.

Prevention of obesity is among the well-recognized beneficial effects that breastfeeding exerts on a variety of organs and systems. This effect seems to occur via various mechanisms: (1) a low content of proteins in human milk as opposed to the high content found in formula and cow’s milk ...

Original Investigation 
Stefano Liguori, RN, BSN; Massimiliano Stacchini, RN, BSN; Daniele Ciofi, RN, MSN; Nicole Olivini, MD; Sofia Bisogni, RN, BSN, MSN, PhD; Filippo Festini, RN, BSN
Includes: Supplemental Content

Importance  Effective methods to reduce children’s preoperative anxiety (such as giving information beforehand, organizing a tour of the operating room [OR] before the intervention, and incorporating clown physicians) may be difficult to implement for some hospitals, as they are time-consuming and expensive and require hospital staff to ...

Original Investigation 
Katri Korpela, PhD; Anne Salonen, PhD; Lauri J. Virta, MD; Riina A. Kekkonen, PhD; Willem M. de Vos, PhD
Includes: Supplemental Content

Importance  Long duration of breastfeeding is known to reduce the frequency of infections and the risk of overweight, both of which are prevalent health problems among children, but the mechanisms are unclear.

Objectives  To test whether early-life antibiotic use in children prevents the beneficial long-term effects ...

Editorial: Obesity, Breastfeeding, Intestinal Microbiota, and Early Antibiotics; Giulia Paolella, MD; Pietro Vajro, MD
Original Investigation 
Guoying Wang, MD, PhD; Frank B. Hu, MD, PhD; Kamila B. Mistry, PhD, MPH; Cuilin Zhang, MD, PhD; Fazheng Ren, PhD; Yong Huo, MD; David Paige, MD; Tami Bartell, BS; Xiumei Hong, MD, PhD; Deanna Caruso, MS; Zhicheng Ji, BS; Zhu Chen, PhD; Yuelong Ji, MSPH; Colleen Pearson, BA; Hongkai Ji, PhD; Barry Zuckerman, MD; Tina L. Cheng, MD; Xiaobin Wang, MD, MPH, ScD
Includes: Supplemental Content

Importance  Previous reports have linked maternal prepregnancy obesity with low folate concentrations and child overweight or obesity (OWO) in separate studies. To our knowledge, the role of maternal folate concentrations, alone or in combination with maternal OWO, in child metabolic health has not been examined in a ...

Katherine K. Hsu, MD, MPH; Gale R. Burstein, MD, MPH

This Editorial discusses the US Preventive Services Task Force recommendation statement on screening for syphilis infection in nonpregnant adults and adolescents.

On My Mind 
Annie Janvier, MD, PhD

I was at Émile’s bedside, one of the newly admitted preemies. I didn’t hear anybody enter the room and so was surprised when a boisterous male voice asked:

Original Investigation 
David N. Figlio, PhD; Jonathan Guryan, PhD; Krzysztof Karbownik, PhD; Jeffrey Roth, PhD

Importance  Late-term gestation (defined as the 41st week of pregnancy) is associated with increased risk of perinatal health complications. It is not known to what extent late-term gestation is associated with long-term cognitive and physical outcomes. Information about long-term outcomes may influence physician and patient decisions regarding ...

Original Investigation 
Jennifer S. Savage, PhD; Leann L. Birch, PhD; Michele Marini, MS; Stephanie Anzman-Frasca, PhD; Ian M. Paul, MD, MSc
Includes: Supplemental Content, Multimedia: (powerpoint)

Importance  Rapid infant weight gain is associated with later obesity, but interventions to prevent rapid infant growth and reduce risk for overweight status in infancy are lacking.

Objective  To examine the effect of a responsive parenting (RP) intervention on infant weight gain between birth and 28 ...

Research Letter 
Todd A. Florin, MD, MSCE; Hannah Carron, BS; Guixia Huang, MS; Samir S. Shah, MD, MSCE; Richard Ruddy, MD; Lilliam Ambroggio, PhD, MPH

This cohort study aims to identify risk factors for pneumonia in children with asthma exacerbations.

Comment & Response 
Michele C. Walsh, MD, MSc; Juliann M. Di Fiore, BSSE; Richard J. Martin, MD

In Reply We thank Lakshminrushimha and colleagues for their commentary on our work on the differential mortality experienced by small for gestational age infants in the Surfactant, Positive Pressure, and Pulse Oximetry Randomized Trial. We are aware of the outstanding animal work on pulmonary hypertension performed by their ...

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