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Basic View | Expanded View
 Showing 1-20 of 53 Articles
Viewpoint 
Alan R. Schroeder, MD; James R. Duncan, MD, PhD

This Viewpoint discusses overuse of pediatric imaging and the need for standardization of care, measurement, and accountability.

Editorial  FREE
David M. Keller, MD; Nora Wells, MA
Original Investigation 
Xiao-Yan Qin, MD; Jin-Chao Feng, PhD; Chang Cao, BS; Huan-Tong Wu, BS; Y. Peng Loh, PhD; Yong Cheng, PhD
Includes: Supplemental Content

Importance  Accumulating evidence suggests that brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) may be implicated in the developmental outcomes of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD).

Objective  To use meta-analysis to determine whether children with ASD have altered peripheral blood levels of BDNF.

Data Source  A systematic search ...

Original Investigation 
Davene R. Wright, PhD; Wren L. Haaland, MPH; Evette Ludman, PhD; Elizabeth McCauley, PhD; Jeffrey Lindenbaum, MD; Laura P. Richardson, MD, MPH
Includes: Supplemental Content

Importance  Depression is one of the most common adolescent chronic health conditions and can lead to increased health care use. Collaborative care models have been shown to be effective in improving adolescent depressive symptoms, but there are few data on the effect of such a model on ...

Special Communication  FREE
Valerie P. Opipari, MD; Stephen R. Daniels, MD, PhD; Robert W. Wilmott, MD; Richard F. Jacobs, MD
Includes: Supplemental Content, Multimedia: (powerpoint)

Pediatric general and subspecialty care requires continuous effort to maintain knowledge and competencies in clinical practice. Equally important are efforts by investigators and educators to maintain knowledge and competencies in the conduct of research and training. The Association of Medical School Pediatric Department Chairs initiated a survey in ...

Editorial: Maintaining Pediatric Competence; David M. Keller, MD; Nora Wells, MA
Comment & Response 
Hope K. Lima, MS; Ronald S. Cohen, MD; Thomas E. Young, MD

To the Editor The literature shows that the use of a predominately human milk diet (≥ 98%) in very low-birth-weight infants supports appropriate growth and development, decreases rates of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC), decreases overall patient care costs, allows for earlier discharge, reduces patient risk of readmittance, and increases ...

Comment & Response 
Maryanne T. Perrin, PhD; Paula M. Sisk, PhD

To the Editor Understanding the effect of exposure to bovine-based formulas and fortifiers is an important area of research for optimizing outcomes and feeding protocols for very low-birth-weight infants. In their article studying the effect of supplementing with donor milk vs preterm formula in the first 10 days ...

Comment & Response 
Marita de Waard, MD; Willemijn E. Corpeleijn, MD; Johannes B. van Goudoever, MD, PhD

In Reply We would like to thank Eidelman, Lima et al, Perrin and Sisk, and Verd for their interest in our recently published article1 and their responding letters to the editor. They discuss important considerations when interpreting our results. As discussed in our article, we acknowledge that ...

Comment & Response 
Arthur I. Eidelman, MD

To the Editor The benefits of feeding very low-birth-weight infants raw own mother’s milk as opposed to formula are well established, particularly in its capacity to reduce the incidence of serious infections and necrotizing entercolitis.1,2 What the critical amount of formula is that increases the ...

Comment & Response 
Sergio Verd, MD

To the Editor Corpeleijn et al1 demonstrate that the use of donor milk as a supplement to a median intake of 89% of mother’s own milk during the first 10 days of life was not associated with decreased occurrence of severe infection or mortality in very low-birth-weight ...

Viewpoint 
Joy H. Samuels-Reid, MD; Judith U. Cope, MD, MPH

This Viewpoint discusses the special issues that should be considered in any treatment plan for adolescents involving medical devices.

Editorial 
Matthew M. Davis, MD, MAPP; Kristin Kan, MD, MPH, MSc

Together, state Medicaid programs and children’s hospitals disproportionately contribute to care for children whose health is most vulnerable. Children’s hospitals look to Medicaid to provide coverage for an age group that does not enjoy an entitlement as broad as Medicare for seniors. Medicaid relies on children’s hospitals to ...

Original Investigation 
Jason H. Greenberg, MD, MHS; Michael Zappitelli, MD, MSc; Prasad Devarajan, MD; Heather R. Thiessen-Philbrook, MMath; Catherine Krawczeski, MD; Simon Li, MD, MPH; Amit X. Garg, MD; Steve Coca, DO, MS; Chirag R. Parikh, MD, PhD; for the TRIBE-AKI Consortium
Includes: Supplemental Content

Importance  Acute kidney injury (AKI) after pediatric cardiac surgery is associated with high short-term morbidity and mortality; however, the long-term kidney outcomes are unclear.

Objective  To assess long-term kidney outcomes after pediatric cardiac surgery and to determine if perioperative AKI is associated with worse long-term kidney ...

Original Investigation 
Jeffrey D. Colvin, MD, JD; Matt Hall, PhD; Jay G. Berry, MD, MPH; Laura M. Gottlieb, MD, MPH; Jessica L. Bettenhausen, MD; Samir S. Shah, MD, MSCE; Evan S. Fieldston, MD, MBA, MSHP; Patrick H. Conway, MD, MSc; Paul J. Chung, MD, MS
Includes: Supplemental Content

Importance  Medicaid payments tend to be less than the cost of care. Federal Disproportionate Share Hospital (DSH) payments help hospitals recover such uncompensated costs of Medicaid-insured and uninsured patients. The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act reduces DSH payments in anticipation of fewer uninsured patients and therefore ...

Editorial: Medicaid and Children’s Hospitals; Matthew M. Davis, MD, MAPP; Kristin Kan, MD, MPH, MSc
Research Letter 
Douglas J. Wiebe, PhD; Michael L. Nance, MD; Eileen Houseknecht, RN; Matthew F. Grady, MD; Nicole Otto, MD; Danielle K. Sandsmark, MD; Christina L. Master, MD

This study evaluates ecologic momentary assessment following youth concussion.

Comment & Response 
Ben Z. Katz, MD

To the Editor I hate to disagree with my learned colleague Dr Peter Hotez,1 but I believe some of the analogies he presents in his JAMA Pediatrics article “What Does Zika Virus Mean for the Children of the Americas?” are exaggerated and misleading.1

Comment & Response 
Peter J. Hotez, MD, PhD

In Reply It’s always good to hear from my friend, respected colleague, and former Yale University mentor Ben Katz. However, I disagree with some of his assessments. While it’s true that in adults there is no comparison between the disease severity of Zika and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/AIDS, ...

Research Letter 
Jing Xu, PhD, MA; Rajdeep Gill, PharmD; Marisa Cruz, MD; Judy Staffa, PhD, RPh; Peter Lurie, MD, MPH

This study examined the effect of pediatric labeling for OxyContin on dispensing of all extended-release oxycodone products, using national data on dispensed prescriptions in outpatient retail pharmacies before and after the label change.

On My Mind 
Rachel Baumann Manzo, MD

A bed rolls down the hall of our pediatric intensive care unit, trailed by an entourage of health care workers. The border-crosser must have arrived. Earlier this morning, our team was notified that an adolescent girl had been picked up in the desert and was not in good ...

Editorial 
Neal Halfon, MD, MPH

In this issue of JAMA Pediatrics, Gottlieb and colleagues1 extend the emerging body of research on screening for and addressing social determinants of health (SDH) in health care settings. This cluster-randomized clinical trial is remarkable for many reasons, including, most notably, that a relatively straightforward intervention ...

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