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 Showing 1-20 of 47 Articles
Editorial  FREE
Rosemary D. Higgins, MD; Ravi Mangal Patel, MD, MSc; Cassandra D. Josephson, MD

In this issue, Goobie et al1 describe an independent association of preoperative anemia, defined as a hematocrit level less than 40%, with higher in-hospital mortality in neonates. Preoperative anemia was 1 of several independent risk factors associated with postoperative mortality; the others were American Society of Anesthesiologists ...

Original Investigation 
Carmen C. Pace, PhD; Alicia J. Spittle, PhD; Charlotte M.-L. Molesworth, MBiostat; Katherine J. Lee, PhD; Elisabeth A. Northam, PhD; Jeanie L. Y. Cheong, MD; Peter G. Davis, MD; Lex W. Doyle, MD; Karli Treyvaud, DPsych; Peter J. Anderson, PhD
Includes: Supplemental Content

Importance  Mothers experience heightened depression and anxiety following very preterm (VPT) birth, but how these symptoms evolve during the first months after birth is unknown. Research on the psychological adjustment of fathers following VPT birth is limited.

Objectives  To describe the trajectory and predictors of distress ...

Original Investigation  FREE
Susan M. Goobie, MD, FRCPC; David Faraoni, MD, PhD; David Zurakowski, PhD; James A. DiNardo, MD
Includes: Supplemental Content, Multimedia: (powerpoint)

Importance  Neonates undergoing noncardiac surgery are at risk for adverse outcomes. Preoperative anemia is a strong independent risk factor for postoperative mortality in adults. To our knowledge, this association has not been investigated in the neonatal population.

Objective  To assess the association between preoperative anemia and ...

Editorial: Preoperative Anemia and Neonates; Rosemary D. Higgins, MD; Ravi Mangal Patel, MD, MSc; Cassandra D. Josephson, MD
Original Investigation 
Justin R. Ryder, PhD; Nicholas M. Edwards, MD, MPH; Resmi Gupta, MS, MA; Jane Khoury, PhD; Todd M. Jenkins, PhD; Sharon Bout-Tabaku, MD, MSCE; Marc P. Michalsky, MD; Carroll M. Harmon, MD, PhD; Thomas H. Inge, MD, PhD; Aaron S. Kelly, PhD
Includes: Supplemental Content

Importance  Severe obesity is associated with mobility limitations and higher incidence of multijoint musculoskeletal pain. It is unknown whether substantial weight loss improves these important outcomes in adolescents with severe obesity.

Objective  To examine the association of bariatric surgery with functional mobility and musculoskeletal pain in ...

Special Communication 
Corstiaan C. Breugem, MD, PhD; Kelly N. Evans, MD; Christian F. Poets, MD, PhD; Sunjay Suri, MDS, MOrthRCS; Arnaud Picard, MD, PhD; Charles Filip, MD, PhD; Emma C. Paes, MD, PhD; Felicity V. Mehendale, MS, FRCS(Plast); Howard M. Saal, MD; Hanneke Basart, MD, PhD; Jyotsna Murthy, MD; Koen F. M. Joosten, MD, PhD; Lucienne Speleman, MD; Marcus V. M. Collares, MD, PhD; Marie-José H. van den Boogaard, MD, PhD; Marvick Muradin, MD, DMD, PhD; Maud Els-Marie Andersson, PhD; Mikihiko Kogo, DDS, PhD; Peter G. Farlie, PhD; Peter Don Griot, MD, PhD; Peter A. Mossey, BDS, PhD; Rona Slator, DPhil, FRCS, FRCS(Plast); Veronique Abadie, MD, PhD; Paul Hong, MD
Includes: Supplemental Content

Importance  Robin sequence (RS) is a congenital condition characterized by micrognathia, glossoptosis, and upper airway obstruction. Currently, no consensus exists regarding the diagnosis and evaluation of children with RS. An international, multidisciplinary consensus group was formed to begin to overcome this limitation.

Objective  To report a ...

Viewpoint 
Jason M. Nagata, MD, MSc; Jennifer T. Djafari, MD; Lisa J. Chamberlain, MD, MPH

This Viewpoint proposes the option of replacing the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children fruit juice supplements with fresh fruits and vegetables.

Editorial 
Jay G. Berry, MD, MPH

In recent decades, there has been a large number of initiatives developed to measure and report the quality of health care, with expectation that the results would galvanize myriad efforts to optimize the performance of the US health care system.1 These initiatives have been particularly focused on ...

Original Investigation 
Jeffrey H. Silber, MD, PhD; Paul R. Rosenbaum, PhD; Wei Wang, PhD; Justin M. Ludwig, MA; Shawna Calhoun, MPH; James P. Guevara, MD, MPH; Joseph J. Zorc, MD, MSCE; Ashley Zeigler, BA; Orit Even-Shoshan, MS
Includes: Supplemental Content

Importance  Asthma is the most prevalent chronic illness among children, remaining a leading cause of pediatric hospitalizations and representing a major financial burden to many health care systems.

Objective  To implement a new auditing process examining whether differences in hospital practice style may be associated with ...

Editorial: My Hospital's Performance on Quality of Care ; Jay G. Berry, MD, MPH
Original Investigation 
David S. Mandell, ScD; Colleen L. Barry, PhD, MPP; Steven C. Marcus, PhD; Ming Xie, MS; Kathleen Shea, BA; Katherine Mullan, MA; Andrew J. Epstein, PhD
Includes: Supplemental Content

Importance  Most states have passed insurance mandates requiring commercial health plans to cover services for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Insurers have expressed concerns that these mandates will increase the number of children diagnosed with ASD (treated prevalence) and therefore increase costs associated with their care. ...

Comment & Response 
Benjamin Katz, MS; Priti Shah, PhD

To the Editor Roberts et al1 present the results of a randomized clinical trial comparing a commercially available working memory (WM) intervention, Cogmed (Pearson), with an education-as-usual control for children screened for low WM capacity. Although they found some improvements in WM, there was no benefit on ...

Comment & Response 
Gehan Roberts, PhD

In Reply We thank Katz and Shah for their interest and their comments and would like to respond to their concerns.

Viewpoint 
Meredith L. Rowe, EdD; Barry Zuckerman, MD

This Viewpoint discusses features of communication between parents and children that promote children’s language acquisition.

Viewpoint 
Jenny S. Radesky, MD; Judith Carta, PhD; Megan Bair-Merritt, MD, MSCE

This Viewpoint describes the difference in vocabulary between low-income and higher-income children and how to use this gap as a tool to support child development.

On My Mind 
Francesco M. Galassi, MD; Emanuele Armocida, MD; Frank J. Rühli, MD, PhD

The sudden theft of invaluable paintings from the Museo Civico di Castelvecchio (Verona, northern Italy) made the headlines in Italy and around the world, causing outrage in the public. On November 19, 2015, armed men stole 17 paintings by Tintoretto, Peter Paul Rubens, Jacopo Bellini, Andrea Mantegna, and ...

Influenza virus infections cause significant morbidity and mortality throughout the world. Pregnant women and infants in the first year of life are high-risk populations, contributing to the estimated 5 million cases of severe influenza illness and more than 500 000 annual deaths worldwide.1,2 While influenza vaccination ...

Original Investigation 
Marta C. Nunes, PhD; Clare L. Cutland, MD; Stephanie Jones, MD; Andrea Hugo, MD; Richard Madimabe, BTech; Eric A. F. Simões, MD; Adriana Weinberg, MD; Shabir A. Madhi, MD, PhD; for the Maternal Flu Trial Team
Includes: Supplemental Content

Importance  Influenza immunization of women during pregnancy protects the young infants against influenza illness. The duration of this protection remains unclear.

Objective  To evaluate the duration of infant protection conferred by maternal immunization and its association with transplacental antibody transfer.

Design, Setting, and Participants  Infants ...

Editorial 
Frederick P. Rivara, MD, MPH

JAMA Pediatrics wants to encourage our junior colleagues as they begin their careers. We are therefore conducting a contest among trainees for the best paper submitted to JAMA Pediatrics by a trainee as first author. Trainees will include students, residents, graduate students, postdocs, and fellows. The paper must ...

Viewpoint 
Anne W. Riley, PhD; Greg J. Duncan, PhD

This Viewpoint discusses the development of a nationally representative longitudinal birth cohort study in the United States that would examine the social, physical, chemical, and nutritional influences that interact to shape health and development across the life course.

Original Investigation 
Brian B. Monson, PhD; Peter J. Anderson, PhD; Lillian G. Matthews, PhD; Jeffrey J. Neil, MD, PhD; Kush Kapur, PhD; Jeanie L. Y. Cheong, MD; Lex W. Doyle, MD, MSc; Deanne K. Thompson, PhD; Terrie E. Inder, MD
Includes: Supplemental Content

Importance  Smaller cerebral volumes at hospital discharge in very preterm (VPT) infants are associated with poor neurobehavioral outcomes. Brain growth from the newborn period to middle childhood has not been explored because longitudinal data have been lacking.

Objectives  To examine the pattern of growth of cerebral ...

Original Investigation 
Rachel B. Webman, MD; Elizabeth A. Carter, PhD, MPH; Sushil Mittal, PhD; Jichaun Wang, PhD; Chethan Sathya, MD; Avery B. Nathens, MD, PhD; Michael L. Nance, MD; David Madigan, PhD; Randall S. Burd, MD, PhD
Includes: Supplemental Content

Importance  Although data obtained from regional trauma systems demonstrate improved outcomes for children treated at pediatric trauma centers (PTCs) compared with those treated at adult trauma centers (ATCs), differences in mortality have not been consistently observed for adolescents. Because trauma is the leading cause of death and ...

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