Bivariate relationships between family meals and each dependent variable are shown in model 1 of Table 2. Greater frequency of family meals was associated with significantly lower odds of the following variables: cigarette, alcohol, and marijuana use; low grade point average; high depressive symptoms and suicidal ideation (among boys and girls); and poor self-esteem and suicide attempts among girls (odds ratios [ORs], 0.68-0.89). To determine if family meals were acting as a proxy for family connectedness, model 2 examined the previous relationships, controlling for family connectedness and parents' marital status. For boys, ORs for all 3 substance use variables and for high depressive symptoms were attenuated but remained statistically significant at the P<.05 level (ORs, 0.84-0.93), as shown in Table 2. Thus, for example, boys at each frequency level of family meals were only 84% as likely to report having smoked cigarettes in the past year as those at the next lower frequency of family meals (eg, 5-6 meals per week vs 3-4 meals per week or 3-4 vs 1-2). To compare those at high and low ends of the spectrum, boys reporting more than 7 family meals per week had an OR for smoking cigarettes of 0.42 compared with those reporting no family meals. For girls, all relationships, except between family meals and self-esteem, remained statistically significant after controlling for family connectedness (ORs, 0.72-0.93). For example, girls at each frequency level of family meals were 90% as likely to report a suicide attempt as those at the next lower level of meal frequency (OR, 0.90). Thus, girls reporting more than 7 family meals per week were almost half as likely to report a suicide attempt compared with girls eating no family meals (OR, 0.58). After controlling for additional sociodemographic characteristics (model 3), family meals remained significantly associated with cigarette and alcohol use and depressive symptoms for boys (ORs, 0.89-0.93) and for all dependent variables except self-esteem for girls (ORs, 0.76-0.93). Family meals remained significantly associated with boys' smoking (OR, 0.90) after further controlling for alcohol and marijuana use (model 4). For girls, family meals remained significantly associated with alcohol and marijuana use (ORs, 0.83-0.84) after controlling for cigarette smoking, and with high depressive symptoms after controlling for low self-esteem (OR, 0.92).