0
We're unable to sign you in at this time. Please try again in a few minutes.
Retry
We were able to sign you in, but your subscription(s) could not be found. Please try again in a few minutes.
Retry
There may be a problem with your account. Please contact the AMA Service Center to resolve this issue.
Contact the AMA Service Center:
Telephone: 1 (800) 262-2350 or 1 (312) 670-7827  *   Email: subscriptions@jamanetwork.com
Error Message ......
Article |

Variation in the Management of Pediatric Diabetic Ketoacidosis by Specialty Training

Nicole S. Glaser, MD; Nathan Kuppermann, MD, MPH; Clifford K. J. Yee, MD; Deborah L. Schwartz; Dennis M. Styne, MD
Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 1997;151(11):1125-1132. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1997.02170480055008.
Text Size: A A A
Published online

Objective:  To compare management strategies for pediatric diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) among physicians with different specialty training.

Methods:  We conducted a mail survey of 1000 randomly selected physicians, including 200 pediatric endocrinologists, 200 general emergency physicians, 200 pediatric emergency physicians, 200 pediatric intensivists, and 200 pediatric chief residents. We posed questions regarding a hypothetical 10-year-old patient with new onset of diabetes mellitus who is approximately 10% dehydrated but alert, with venous pH of 7.1 and serum glucose concentration of 34.7 mmol/L (625 mg/dL). Questions involved the rate of rehydration, content of intravenous fluids, insulin therapy, potassium replacement, use of sodium bicarbonate, and adjustments in therapy for decreasing serum glucose concentration. We compared responses of physicians in each specialty and used multiple regression analysis to adjust for potential confounding variables, including number of years in practice, number of children with DKA seen per month, and practice setting.

Results:  Five hundred eighty-one physicians (58.1%) completed the survey, with responses demonstrating significant, consistent differences between specialties. Extremes of responses included the following: (1) 59% of endocrinologists vs 11% of general emergency physicians would give an initial fluid bolus of less than 20 mL/kg (oddsratio [OR], 11.7; 95% confidence interval [CI], 5.0-27.7) (P<.001); (2) 83.5% of general emergency physicians vs 42.5% of pediatric intensivists would administer an initial insulin bolus (OR, 4.1; 95% CI, 2.0-8.7) (P<.001); (3) 58.2% of pediatric intensivists vs 9% of general emergency physicians would replace fluids over a period of greater than 24 hours (OR, 14.1; 95% CI, 5.5-37.5) (P<.001); and (4) 54.3% of general emergency physicians vs 7.3% of pediatric intensivists would use potassium chloride alone for potassium replacement (OR, 10.8; 95% CI, 5.0-23.8) (P<.001). All of these differences persisted after adjusting for the potential confounding variables.

Conclusions:  Substantial differences exist in the management of pediatric DKA among physicians of different specialties, presumably due to differences in specialty training. These differences obscure our ability to evaluate the treatment of DKA and highlight the necessity for further studies comparing the outcomes of different treatment strategies.Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 1997;151:1125-1132

Topics

Sign in

Create a free personal account to sign up for alerts, share articles, and more.

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal

Figures

Tables

References

Correspondence

CME
Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Submit a Comment

Multimedia

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Sign in

Create a free personal account to sign up for alerts, share articles, and more.

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.

Jobs
brightcove.createExperiences();