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Article |

Water Supplementation of Infants in the First Month of Life

Paula D. Scariati, DO, MPH; Laurence M. Grummer-Strawn, PhD; Sara Beck Fein, PhD
Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 1997;151(8):830-832. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1997.02170450080013.
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Objective:  To describe the prevalence of and risk factors associated with regular water supplementation of neonates.

Design:  Evaluation of data from the Food and Drug Administration's Infant Feeding Practices Study, a panel study of US women of fairly high socioeconomic status who were followed up from late pregnancy through their infants' first year of life. The sample was drawn from a nationally distributed consumer mail panel. Each mother was asked whether she gave her neonate water at least 3 times per week.

Participants:  A total of 1677 mothers of infants who were neonates in April through November 1993.

Main Outcome Measures:  Percentages of mothers who gave their neonates water at least 3 times a week, considering infant feeding status, mother's education, and family income.

Results:  About one fourth (24.7%) of the mothers reported giving their neonates water at least 3 times per week. Stratification by feeding practices and socioeconomic factors revealed that 41.6% of mothers who formula-fed their neonates, 47.4% of mothers with less than a high school education, and 35.4% of mothers with an annual family income less than $22 500 gave their neonates water at least 3 times per week.

Conclusions:  Water supplementation of neonates was a prevalent practice in this cohort of women. Feeding practices, maternal education, and family income were all significant risk factors associated with this behavior.Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 1997;151:830-832


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