Article |

Birth Defects and Childhood Cancer in Offspring of Survivors of Childhood Cancer

Daniel M. Green, MD; Albert Fiorello, MD; Michael A. Zevon, PhD; Brenda Hall, RN, PNP; Nina Seigelstein, MD
Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 1997;151(4):379-383. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1997.02170410053007.
Text Size: A A A
Published online

Objective:  To determine the effect of chemotherapy for cancer during childhood and adolescence on subsequent pregnancy outcome and the occurrence of cancer in the offspring.

Design:  We reviewed the history of 405 former patients with pediatric cancer. A self-administered questionnaire was completed by members of a cohort of consecutively treated patients who were aged 18 years or older at the most recent follow-up visit and who were at least 5 years beyond the initial diagnosis of their cancer.

Setting:  Department of Pediatrics of a National Cancer Institute—designated comprehensive cancer center.

Results:  One hundred forty-eight patients reported 280 pregnancies. Ninety-one of the patients who reported 1 or more liveborn or stillborn infants following the completion of treatment had received 1 or more chemotherapeutic agents as part of their treatment of cancer. The frequency of congenital anomalies was 3.3% among the liveborn offspring of the treated women and 3.3% among the liveborn offspring of the spouses or female companions of the treated men. No cases of childhood cancer have been diagnosed among the offspring.

Conclusions:  The present data suggest that prior treatment with mutagenic chemotherapeutic agents, in the dosage ranges examined, does not increase the frequency of congenital anomalies in the offspring of former pediatric and adolescent patients with cancer. Although no cases of childhood cancer have been observed thus far among the offspring, additional follow-up is necessary to adequately assess their risk of childhood cancer.Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 1997;151:379-383


Sign In to Access Full Content

Don't have Access?

Register and get free email Table of Contents alerts, saved searches, PowerPoint downloads, CME quizzes, and more

Subscribe for full-text access to content from 1998 forward and a host of useful features

Activate your current subscription (AMA members and current subscribers)

Purchase Online Access to this article for 24 hours





Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).
Submit a Comment


Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Sign In to Access Full Content

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.