We're unable to sign you in at this time. Please try again in a few minutes.
We were able to sign you in, but your subscription(s) could not be found. Please try again in a few minutes.
There may be a problem with your account. Please contact the AMA Service Center to resolve this issue.
Contact the AMA Service Center:
Telephone: 1 (800) 262-2350 or 1 (312) 670-7827  *   Email: subscriptions@jamanetwork.com
Error Message ......
Article |

Reference Data for Head Circumference-for-Length in Preterm Low-Birth-Weight Infants

Alex F. Roche, MD, PhD, DSc; Shumei S. Guo, PhD; Kevin Wholihan, MS; Patrick H. Casey, MD
Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 1997;151(1):50-57. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1997.02170380054009.
Text Size: A A A
Published online


Objective:  To provide reference data for head circumference-for-length in preterm low-birth-weight infants that are independent of age, but extend for the ranges of head circumference (34-49 cm) and length (52.0-102.9 cm) values found from birth to 36 months of gestation-adjusted age.

Design:  Measurements were made at 9 ages in 867 preterm infants in the Infant Health Development Program, a randomized clinical trial that included various ethnic groups at 8 sites. At birth, two thirds of the infants weighed less than 2000 g, and one third weighed between 2000 and 2500 g. Measurements were taken at birth, at 40 weeks of postconceptional age, and at 4, 8, 12, 18, 24, 30, and 36 months of gestation-adjusted age. A model fitted to the serial data for each infant was used to estimate head circumference and length from 36 weeks after conception to 36 months of gestation-adjusted age.

Results:  Tables and charts of means and SDs and selected percentiles for each sex were made. These tables and charts are for very low- (≤1500 g) and low-birth-weight (1501-2500 g) infants by 3-cm intervals of length.

Conclusion:   These tables and charts should assist clinicians in evaluating and monitoring head circumference in preterm low-birth-weight infants by taking body length into account.Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 1997;151:50-57


Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?





Also Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
Please click the checkbox indicating that you have read the full article in order to submit your answers.
Your answers have been saved for later.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.


Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

0 Citations

Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.