Centers for Disease Control. Preventing lead poisoning in young children . Atlanta, Ga: US Dept of Health and Human Services; 1991;.
Baker B. Like politics, all lead screening should be local . Pediatric News . 1995;; 29:1-2.
Glotzer DE, Bauchner H, Freedberg KA, Palfrey S. Screening for childhood lead poisoning: a cost-minimization analysis . Am J Public Health . 1994;;84:110-112.
Campbell JR, Schaffer SJ, Szilagyi PG, O'Connor K, Briss P, Weitzman M. Blood lead screening practices among US pediatricians. Pediatrics. In press.
Sargent JD, Dalton M, Stukel TA, Roda S, Klein RZ. Evaluation of methods to reduce lead contamination of capillary blood specimens . Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med . 1995;;149:P70.
Brody DJ, Pirkle JL, Kramer RA, et al. Blood lead levels in the US population: phase 1 of the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination (NHANES III, 1988 to 1991) . JAMA . 1994;;272:277-283.
Binns HJ, LeBailly SA, Poncher J, Kinsella TR, Saunders SE, and the Pediatric Practice Research Group. Is there lead in the suburbs? risk asessment in Chicago suburban pediatric practices . Pediatrics . 1994;;93:164-171.
Schaffer SJ, Kincaid MS, Endres N, Weitzman M. Lead poisoning risk determination in a rural setting . Pediatrics . 1996;;97:84-90.
Rifai N, Cohen G, Wolf M, et al. Incidence of lead poisoning in young children from inner-city, suburban and rural communities . Ther Drug Monit . 1993;;15:71-74.
Taubman B, Wiley C, Henretig F. Prevalence of elevated blood lead levels in a suburban middle class private practice . Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med . 1994;;148: 757-760.
Rifai N, Faser C, Cohen G, Wolf M, DePalma L. Lead poisoning in young children in Washington, DC . AJDC . 1992;;146:1259-1260.
Casey R, Wiley C, Rutstein R, Pinto-Martin J. Prevalence of lead poisoning in an urban cohort of infants with high socioeconomic status . Clin Pediatr . 1994;; 33:480-484.
Cook M, Chappell WR, Hoffman RE, Mangione EJ. Assessment of blood lead levels in children living in a historic mining and smelting community . Am J Epidemiol . 1993;;137:447-455.
Norman EH, Bordley C, Hertz-Picciotto I, Newton DA. Rural-urban blood lead differences in North Carolina children . Pediatrics . 1994;;94:59-64.
Schaffer SJ, Szilagyi PG, Weitzman M. Lead poisoning risk determination in an urban population through the use of a standardized questionnaire . Pediatrics . 1994;;93:159-163.
Jiang H, Moy F, Frey MJ, et al. Fingerstick microsampling for lead toxicity screening . Pediatr Res . 1994;;35:115A.
McGregor RS, Jones J, Maksimak JF, Malone WJ. Comparison of venipuncture lead determination vs standard fingerstick methodology . AJDC . 1993;;147:438.
Schonfeld DJ, Cullen MD, Rainey PM, et al. Screening for lead poisoning in an urban pediatric clinic using samples obtained by fingerstick . Pediatrics . 1994;; 94:174-179.
Schlenker TL, Fritz CJ, Mark D, et al. Screening for pediatric lead poisoning . JAMA . 1994;;271:1346-1348.
Sargent JD, Klein RZ. Rethinking the threshold for blood lead elevation in the clinical setting . Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med . 1995;;149:P78.
Tejeda DM, Wyatt DD, Rostek BR, Solomon WB. Do questions about lead exposure predict elevated lead levels? Pediatrics . 1994;;93:192-194.
Rooney BL, Hayes EB, Allen BK, Strutt PJ. Development of a screening tool for prediction in a midwestern clinical setting . Pediatrics . 1994;;93:183-187.
Nordin JD, Rolnick SJ, Griffin JM. Prevalence of excess lead absorption and associated risk factors in children enrolled in a midwestern health maintenance organization . Pediatrics . 1994;;93:172-177.
Lyngbye T, Jorgensen PJ, Grandjean P, Hansen ON. Validity and interpretation of blood lead levels . Scand J Clin Lab Invest . 1990;;50:441-449.
Sargent JD, Dalton M, Stukel T, Klein RZ. An easily applied barrier method reduces lead contamination of capillary blood specimens . AJDC . 1993;;147:435.
Mitchell DG, Aldous KM, Ryan FJ. Mass screening for lead poisoning . N Y State J Med . 1974;;74:1599-1603.
Finkler SA. The distinction between costs and charges . Ann Int Med . 1982;; 96:102-109.
Campbell JR, McConnochie KM, Weitzman M. Lead screening among high-risk urban children . Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med . 1994;;148:688-693.
Hollenberg J. SMLTREE: The All Purpose Decision Tree Builder . Version 2.9; New York, NY: 1989;.
Pirkle JL, Brody DJ, Gunter EW, et al. The decline in blood lead levels in the United States . JAMA . 1994;;272:284-291.
Gellert GA, Wagner GA, Maxwell RM, Moore D, Foster L. Lead poisoning among low-income children in Orange County, California . JAMA . 1993;;270:69-71.
Gammage B, McLaine P. Implications of universal blood lead screening. Poster presentation at the Alliance to End Childhood Lead Poisoning, Washington, DC, October 1991.