We're unable to sign you in at this time. Please try again in a few minutes.
We were able to sign you in, but your subscription(s) could not be found. Please try again in a few minutes.
There may be a problem with your account. Please contact the AMA Service Center to resolve this issue.
Contact the AMA Service Center:
Telephone: 1 (800) 262-2350 or 1 (312) 670-7827  *   Email: subscriptions@jamanetwork.com
Error Message ......
Article |

Testing Models Predicting Severity of Respiratory Syncytial Virus Infection on the PICNIC RSV Database

Mary Anne Opavsky, MD, MSc; Derek Stephens, MSc; Elaine Ee-Ling Wang, MDCM, MSc
Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 1995;149(11):1217-1220. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1995.02170240035005.
Text Size: A A A
Published online


Objectives:  To determine the sensitivity and specificity of published prognostic models to predict morbidity resulting from lower respiratory tract disease caused by respiratory syncytial virus in an independent pediatric population and to assess the accuracy of single risk factors in predicting adverse outcome.

Design:  All articles obtained from a MEDLINE search that used the terms prognosis or sequelae and respiratory syncytial virus, and from the references of these articles, were reviewed. Studies were included if risk factors and outcomes were defined and if information was available in a database of prospectively enrolled patients with respiratory syncytial virus infections. A probability of adverse outcome was assigned to each patient in the cohort using prognostic models described in the articles. A test was considered positive if the probability of the adverse outcome was 5% or more.

Patients:  Six hundred eighty-nine patients hospitalized with respiratory syncytial virus in seven tertiary care centers across Canada were prospectively enrolled in the Pediatric Investigators Collaborative Network on Infections in Canada database.

Main Outcome Measures:  The sensitivity and specificity of single predictors and of models in predicting severe disease were determined.

Results:  The sensitivity of single predictors varied from 17% to 46%. A model that used age and oxygen saturation at admission in previously well infants had a sensitivity of 98% and a specificity of 47% when predicting intensive care unit admission. Another model that included age at hospitalization, gestational age, presence of an underlying condition, and respiratory syncytial virus subtype used to predict the outcome of a high severity index had a sensitivity of 77% and a specificity of 76%. When the above model was modified by exclusion of viral subgroup, sensitivity increased to 94%, but specificity decreased to 46%.

Conclusion:  Previously described prognostic models were generalizable to an independent study population.(Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 1995;149:1217-1220)


Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?





Also Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
Please click the checkbox indicating that you have read the full article in order to submit your answers.
Your answers have been saved for later.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.


Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

0 Citations

Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.