0
We're unable to sign you in at this time. Please try again in a few minutes.
Retry
We were able to sign you in, but your subscription(s) could not be found. Please try again in a few minutes.
Retry
There may be a problem with your account. Please contact the AMA Service Center to resolve this issue.
Contact the AMA Service Center:
Telephone: 1 (800) 262-2350 or 1 (312) 670-7827  *   Email: subscriptions@jamanetwork.com
Error Message ......
Article |

Violent Crime in the United States:  An Epidemiologic Profile

Laura Rachuba, MA; Bonita Stanton, MD; Donna Howard, DrPH
Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 1995;149(9):953-960. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1995.02170220019002.
Text Size: A A A
Published online

Objectives:  To determine if (1) there was an increase in the rates of acts of violence in the United States from 1973 to 1992 and (2) there were disproportionate changes in rates of violent crime among specific demographic groups.

Methods:  Crime data from the Uniform Crime Reporting Program and the National Crime Victimization Survey beginning in January 1973 and ending in December 1992 were examined. Homicide data from 1970 to 1991 were examined with the National Center for Health Statistics mortality data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Analyses were performed for overall crime rates as well as for specific demographic groups.

Results:  Rates of victimization from all types of violent crime have increased among adolescents and young adults (from ages 10 through 25 years), regardless of gender or race. Absolute rates were highest among African Americans and males. Both the highest rates and the greatest increases in homicide from 1971 to 1990 were among adolescents and young adults, while rates for those aged 25 years and older decreased. A substantial increase in firearm-related homicides among adolescents and young adults occurred as well, with rates decreasing for those aged 25 years and older. Overall rates of homicide have remained relatively constant during the past two decades. Data addressing overall trends in the rates of nonfatal violence during the past 20 years are inconclusive.

Conclusions:  Adolescents are now experiencing the highest and most rapidly increasing rates of lethal and nonlethal violence. The increase in violence among youths 10 to 14 years of age is especially important and alarming. The concentration of violence among children and adolescents has important intervention implications. Because adolescence is a time of great developmental changes, approaches to understanding and preventing violence among our nation's youths should incorporate a developmental perspective that also focuses on the relationship and interactions between individuals and their environments, at the family, community, and societal levels.(Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 1995;149:953-960)

Topics

Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal

Figures

Tables

References

Correspondence

CME
Also Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
Please click the checkbox indicating that you have read the full article in order to submit your answers.
Your answers have been saved for later.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Submit a Comment

Multimedia

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.

Jobs
brightcove.createExperiences();