0
Article |

Comparison of 1% and 2.5% Selenium Sulfide in the Treatment of Tinea Capitis

Timothy G. Givens, MD; Matthew M. Murray, MD; Raymond C. Baker, MD
Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 1995;149(7):808-811. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1995.02170200098016.
Text Size: A A A
Published online

Objective:  To determine whether an over-the-counter shampoo containing 1% selenium sulfide would have sporicidal activity equal to that of a 2.5% selenium sulfide prescription lotion in the adjunctive treatment of tinea capitis infection.

Design:  Prospective randomized nonblinded clinical trial.

Setting:  Outpatient clinics and emergency department of a children's hospital.

Patients:  Fifty-four patients between the ages of 1 and 15 years with culture-proved tinea capitis infection caused by Trichophyton tonsurans enrolled during a 14-month period.

Methods:  Patients were randomized to receive 2.5% selenium sulfide lotion, 1% selenium sulfide shampoo, or a bland, nonmedicated shampoo with which they were instructed to shampoo twice weekly. All received 15 mg/kg per day of griseofulvin. Dermatophyte cultures of the affected area of each patient's scalp were obtained on enrollment and every 2 weeks until a negative culture was obtained from a previously infected area.

Results:  Survival data analysis demonstrated that both the 2.5% selenium sulfide and 1% selenium sulfide preparations were superior to the nonmedicated control shampoo in terms of the time required to eliminate shedding of viable spores. When compared with each other, there was no difference between the 2.5% selenium sulfide and 1% selenium sulfide preparations in time required to produce a negative culture.

Conclusion:  Commercially available 1% selenium sulfide shampoo is an equally effective yet less expensive alternative sporicidal therapy in the adjunctive treatment of tinea capitis infection.(Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 1995;149:808-811)

Topics

Sign In to Access Full Content

Don't have Access?

Register and get free email Table of Contents alerts, saved searches, PowerPoint downloads, CME quizzes, and more

Subscribe for full-text access to content from 1998 forward and a host of useful features

Activate your current subscription (AMA members and current subscribers)

Purchase Online Access to this article for 24 hours

Figures

Tables

References

Correspondence

CME
Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
NOTE:
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).
Submit a Comment

Multimedia

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Sign In to Access Full Content

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.

Jobs
brightcove.createExperiences();