We're unable to sign you in at this time. Please try again in a few minutes.
We were able to sign you in, but your subscription(s) could not be found. Please try again in a few minutes.
There may be a problem with your account. Please contact the AMA Service Center to resolve this issue.
Contact the AMA Service Center:
Telephone: 1 (800) 262-2350 or 1 (312) 670-7827  *   Email: subscriptions@jamanetwork.com
Error Message ......
Article |

Predictors of Sunscreen Use in Childhood

Raezelle Zinman, MD, FRCPC; Stacey Schwartz, MD, FRCPC; Kevin Gordon, MD, FRCPC; Eleanor Fitzpatrick, BSc, RN; Carol Camfield, MD, FRCPC
Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 1995;149(7):804-807. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1995.02170200094015.
Text Size: A A A
Published online


Objective:  To identify risk factors predictive of sunscreen use in children.

Design:  Cross-sectional review of convenience sample.

Setting:  Emergency department of a regional referral pediatric hospital.

Subjects:  Nine hundred twenty-five parents of children presenting to the emergency department in August 1993.

Main Outcome Measures:  Parental risk factors assessed were use of sunscreen, tanning behaviors, previous blistering sunburn, knowledge of cancer risk related to sunburn and sun protection factor definition, education level, and other health-promoting behaviors. The parents were asked about perceived risk for their child's being sunburned in the next month or development of skin cancer in their lifetime, as well as an estimation of safe sun exposure time for their child. Child risk factors included a history of previous painful sunburn and parental assessment of their child's skin type based on susceptibility to sunburn.

Results:  Eighty-four percent of parents reported that their children had used sunscreen at least once in the previous 2 months. The use of sunscreen in children younger than 1 year was 54%, from 1 to 12 years of age was 91%, and older than 12 years was 68%. Factors associated with increased likelihood of sunscreen use were age of 1 to 12 years, parental use of sunscreen, estimation of safe sun exposure of less than 30 minutes, description of child skin type as burns "sometimes," "easily," or "always," and correct definition of sun protection factor. Application of a multivariate model yielded a sensitivity of 96%, specificity of 36%, and positive predictive value of sunscreen use of 89%.

Conclusions:  Sunscreen use in parents is predictive of use in their children and relates more to experience with sunburn than with concerns about future skin cancer risk.(Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 1995;149:804-807)


Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?





Also Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
Please click the checkbox indicating that you have read the full article in order to submit your answers.
Your answers have been saved for later.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.


Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

0 Citations

Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.