0
We're unable to sign you in at this time. Please try again in a few minutes.
Retry
We were able to sign you in, but your subscription(s) could not be found. Please try again in a few minutes.
Retry
There may be a problem with your account. Please contact the AMA Service Center to resolve this issue.
Contact the AMA Service Center:
Telephone: 1 (800) 262-2350 or 1 (312) 670-7827  *   Email: subscriptions@jamanetwork.com
Error Message ......
Article |

Access to Home Apnea Monitoring and Its Impact on Rehospitalization Among Very-Low-Birth-Weight Infants

Michael H. Malloy, MD, MS; Barry Graubard, PhD
Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 1995;149(3):326-332. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1995.02170150106021.
Text Size: A A A
Published online

Objective:  To examine the relationship between home apnea monitoring and sociodemographic, socioeconomic, and medical factors and the risk for rehospitalization among very-low-birth-weight infants (birth weight <1500g).

Design and Setting:  Analysis of live infants born weighing less than 1500 g; these data were obtained from the 1988 National Maternal and Infant Health Survey. Data from this survey were obtained by maternal questionnaires and from birth certificates and medical records. Outcome Measure: One or more hospitalizations after discharge from the hospital of delivery.

Results:  Home apnea monitor use was strikingly lower among black infants (19.8%) compared with nonblack infants (43.7%) (P<.001). The rate of rehospitalization for blacks was 24.8%, which was lower than the rate of 34.3% for nonblacks (P=.001). Neither annual family income nor method of hospital payment was associated with rehospitalization. The use of an apnea monitor in the home was associated with an increased odds ratio for rehospitalization for both blacks (odds ratio, 2.56; 95% confidence interval, 1.56 to 4.21) and nonblacks (odds ratio, 2.28; 95% confidence interval, 1.51 to 3.45). With adjustment for the use of an apnea monitor, the odds ratio for rehospitalization of blacks vs nonblacks was no longer significant (odds ratio, 0.80; 95% confidence interval, 0.60 to 1.08).

Conclusions:  The use of an apnea monitor in the home was highly associated with an increased risk for rehospitalization. Whether this increased risk was attributable to a valid reason for rehospitalization or to closer scrutiny of the infant could not be determined. The lower prevalence of apnea monitor use among blacks is unexplained.(Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 1995;149:326-332)

Topics

Sign in

Create a free personal account to sign up for alerts, share articles, and more.

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal

Figures

Tables

References

Correspondence

CME
Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Submit a Comment

Multimedia

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Sign in

Create a free personal account to sign up for alerts, share articles, and more.

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.

Jobs
brightcove.createExperiences();