We're unable to sign you in at this time. Please try again in a few minutes.
We were able to sign you in, but your subscription(s) could not be found. Please try again in a few minutes.
There may be a problem with your account. Please contact the AMA Service Center to resolve this issue.
Contact the AMA Service Center:
Telephone: 1 (800) 262-2350 or 1 (312) 670-7827  *   Email: subscriptions@jamanetwork.com
Error Message ......
Article |

Magnesium Deficiency as a Cause of Hypocalcemia in the CHARGE Association

Binita R. Shah, MD; Karen Santucci, MD; Laurence Finberg, MD
Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 1994;148(5):486-489. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1994.02170050044008.
Text Size: A A A
Published online


Objective:  To discover the mechanism of hypocalcemia in a patient with the CHARGE (coloboma, heart disease, atresia choanae, retarded growth and development, genital hypoplasia, and ear anomalies) association.

Research Design:  Chemical and metabolic studies of serum, urine, stool, and muscle specimens.

Setting:  A university hospital affiliated with a municipal hospital.

Participant:  One patient with the CHARGE association and refractory hypocalcemia.

Measurements and Results:  Serum calcium level was 0.91 mmol/L (reference range, 2.20 to 2.58 mmol/L and serum magnesium level was 0.34 mmol/L (reference range, 0.80 to 1.20 mmol/L) prior to any therapy. After parenteral calcium and magnesium therapy, hypocalcemia persisted (1.46 mmol/L), while the serum magnesium level was 0.84 mmol/L. A needle biopsy of skeletal muscle tissue for the magnesium content confirmed a total magnesium deficiency despite normomagnesemia (muscle magnesium content, 517 μg/g [reference range, 800 to 1100 μg/g]). Magnesium deficiency was secondary to secretion of magnesium into the gastrointestinal tract (with a daily magnesium intake of 190 mg, a 24-hour nondiarrheal fecal excretion of magnesium was 2019 mg/kg [reference range, <1000 mg/kg of stool weight]).

Interventions:  Hypocalcemia was corrected only after 7 weeks of continual parenteral magnesium supplements to replenish the tissue magnesium deficiency.

Conclusions:  Patients with the CHARGE association often have hypocalcemia. Magnesium deficiency (with or without hypomagnesemia) is a cause of the hypocalcemia in at least one patient and may prove of significance in others.(Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 1994;148:486-489)


Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?





Also Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
Please click the checkbox indicating that you have read the full article in order to submit your answers.
Your answers have been saved for later.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.


Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

0 Citations

Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.