0
We're unable to sign you in at this time. Please try again in a few minutes.
Retry
We were able to sign you in, but your subscription(s) could not be found. Please try again in a few minutes.
Retry
There may be a problem with your account. Please contact the AMA Service Center to resolve this issue.
Contact the AMA Service Center:
Telephone: 1 (800) 262-2350 or 1 (312) 670-7827  *   Email: subscriptions@jamanetwork.com
Error Message ......
Article |

Detection of Measles Virus From Clinical Samples Using the Polymerase Chain Reaction

Yoshihiro Matsuzono, MD; Mitsuo Narita, MD; Nobuhisa Ishiguro, MD; Takehiro Togashi, MD
Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 1994;148(3):289-293. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1994.02170030059014.
Text Size: A A A
Published online

Objective:  To evaluate the usefulness of the polymerase chain reaction to detect the measles virus sequence using clinical samples.

Design:  Centers for Disease Control and Prevention case definition of measles with or without IgM serology as a standard.

Setting:  A laboratory in the Department of Pediatrics of the Hokkaido University Hospital, Sapporo, Japan.

Patients:  Thirty-two serum samples, 16 throat swab samples, and nine cerebrospinal fluid samples from 32 patients with measles, including four patients with central nervous system involvement, and one serum sample and two throat swab samples from two patients with modified courses of measles were obtained. Ten serum samples, 10 throat swab samples, and 10 cerebrospinal fluid samples were obtained from patients without apparent measles infection as negative controls.

Measurements and Main Results:  Sensitivity and specificity were comparable with those as obtained by culture or other methods reported in the literature. The polymerase chain reaction was positive in 24 (75.0%) of 32 by serum samples and in 13 (81.3%) of 16 by throat swab samples from the patients with measles, in contrast to none within the negative control group. In three of the four patients with central nervous system involvement, the measles virus sequence was detected in cerebrospinal fluid samples obtained within 1 day following the onset of the manifestations. All three samples from the patients with modified measles yielded positive results.

Conclusions:  The polymerase chain reaction can be used with sufficient sensitivity and specificity to detect the measles virus sequence using clinical samples. Transient and direct invasion of the central nervous system by this virus at the initial stage of the central nervous system involvement was strongly suggested.(Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 1994;148:289-293)

Topics

Sign in

Create a free personal account to sign up for alerts, share articles, and more.

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal

Figures

Tables

References

Correspondence

CME
Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Submit a Comment

Multimedia

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Sign in

Create a free personal account to sign up for alerts, share articles, and more.

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.

Jobs
brightcove.createExperiences();