• To examine the relationship between insurance coverage and the diagnostic content of residents' experience in a hospital-based pediatric teaching clinic, we analyzed outpatient problem lists for 6543 patients seen in our clinic over a 15-month period. Problem-list contents were categorized using diagnostic clusters. The frequency distribution of clustered problems was compared for patients with four types of insurance coverage: indemnity insurance, health maintenance organization, Medicaid, and no insurance. The four insurance categories differed in the overall distribution of problems, but the differences could not be attributed to a disparity in the frequency of any single diagnosis or diagnostic cluster. We conclude that there was no important effect of insurance coverage on the diagnostic content of residents' experience in a teaching clinic.