0
We're unable to sign you in at this time. Please try again in a few minutes.
Retry
We were able to sign you in, but your subscription(s) could not be found. Please try again in a few minutes.
Retry
There may be a problem with your account. Please contact the AMA Service Center to resolve this issue.
Contact the AMA Service Center:
Telephone: 1 (800) 262-2350 or 1 (312) 670-7827  *   Email: subscriptions@jamanetwork.com
Error Message ......
Article |

Serum Creatinine Level and Renal Function in Children

James E. Springate, MD; Steven L. Christensen, MD; Leonard G. Feld, MD, PhD
Am J Dis Child. 1992;146(10):1232-1235. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1992.02160220118036.
Text Size: A A A
Published online

• Objective.  —To evaluate the accuracy of serum creatinine and height/serum creatinine glomerular filtration rate (CrGFR) formula as screening tests for abnormal renal function defined by plasma diethylenetriaminepenta-acetic acid (DTPA) clearance.

Design.  —Patient series.

Setting.  —The Children's Hospital of Buffalo (NY).

Patients.  —Eighty-seven consecutive patients ranging in age from 2 to 20 years.

Measurements.  —The Cr-GFR was calculated by means of the formula GFR (milliliters per minute per 1.73 m2)=kl/serum creatinine (milligrams per deciliter), where L is body length in centimeters and k is a constant dependent on age and sex. Plasma clearance of technetium Tc 99m-labeled DTPA was our reference method for determination of GFR (DTPA-GFR).

Results.  —The Cr-GFR formula identified children with impaired renal function (DTPA clearance, <80 mL/min per 1.73 m2) with a sensitivity of 95% and a specificity of 93%. In contrast, the sensitivity and specificity of elevated serum creatinine level for this purpose were 80% and 96%, respectively. Of the children with renal insufficiency (DTPA clearance, 40 to 79 mL/min per 1.73 m2), 91% were correctly identified by the Cr-GFR formula. However, only 65% of these children had elevated serum creatinine levels. Although all children with renal failure (DTPA clearance, <40 mL/min per 1.73 m2) had abnormally high serum creatinine levels, the specificity of this test was significantly lower than that of the Cr-GFR formula (75% vs 100%, respectively).

Conclusions.  —The Cr-GFR formula is superior to serum creatinine level for estimating GFR. This formula provides a simple, reasonably accurate screening test for the presence and severity of impaired renal function.(AJDC. 1992;146:1232-1235)

Topics

Sign in

Create a free personal account to sign up for alerts, share articles, and more.

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal

First Page Preview

View Large
First page PDF preview

Figures

Tables

References

Correspondence

CME
Also Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
Your answers have been saved for later.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Submit a Comment

Multimedia

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Sign in

Create a free personal account to sign up for alerts, share articles, and more.

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.

Jobs
brightcove.createExperiences();