0
We're unable to sign you in at this time. Please try again in a few minutes.
Retry
We were able to sign you in, but your subscription(s) could not be found. Please try again in a few minutes.
Retry
There may be a problem with your account. Please contact the AMA Service Center to resolve this issue.
Contact the AMA Service Center:
Telephone: 1 (800) 262-2350 or 1 (312) 670-7827  *   Email: subscriptions@jamanetwork.com
Error Message ......
Article |

Severe Laryngotracheobronchitis Complicating Measles

James D. Fortenberry, MD; M. Michele Mariscalco, MD; Penelope T. Louis, MD; Fernando Stein, MD; John K. Jones, MD; Larry S. Jefferson, MD
Am J Dis Child. 1992;146(9):1040-1043. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1992.02160210042018.
Text Size: A A A
Published online

• Objective.  —To determine the incidence of severe measles-related laryngotracheobronchitis in patients hospitalized during a recent measles epidemic and to evaluate factors associated with severity of airway injury and its management.

Design.  —Clinical description of patient series. Setting.—Children's hospital and county general hospital, Houston, Tex.

Patients.  —One hundred twenty-four children (aged 1 month to 19 years) admitted with a diagnosis of measles.

Interventions.  —None.

Measurements/Results.  —Twenty-seven patients had significant laryngotracheobronchitis, including 10 who had not received appropriate immunization. Six patients required endotracheal intubation for relief of upper airway obstruction. The median age of patients requiring intubation was 12 months (range, 4 to 24 months). Two patients died of complications of superinfection. Two patients survived but required prolonged intubation. Two patients underwent early diagnostic laryngoscopy and bronchoscopy and required shorter artificial airway maintenance.

Conclusions.  —Severe laryngotracheobronchitis frequently occurs in patients younger than 2 years hospitalized with measles and may be related to bacterial or viral superinfection. Early diagnostic laryngoscopy and bronchoscopy for injury assessment and possible endotracheal tube exchange are recommended and, in some severe cases, tracheostomy should be considered to shorten artificial airway maintenance and decrease the incidence of airway complications.(AJDC. 1992;146:1040-1043)

Topics

Sign in

Create a free personal account to sign up for alerts, share articles, and more.

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal

Figures

Tables

References

Correspondence

CME
Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Submit a Comment

Multimedia

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Sign in

Create a free personal account to sign up for alerts, share articles, and more.

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.

Jobs
brightcove.createExperiences();