We're unable to sign you in at this time. Please try again in a few minutes.
We were able to sign you in, but your subscription(s) could not be found. Please try again in a few minutes.
There may be a problem with your account. Please contact the AMA Service Center to resolve this issue.
Contact the AMA Service Center:
Telephone: 1 (800) 262-2350 or 1 (312) 670-7827  *   Email: subscriptions@jamanetwork.com
Error Message ......
Article |

Thyroid Scanning, Ultrasound, and Serum Thyroglobulin in Determining the Origin of Congenital Hypothyroidism

Andrew Muir, MD; Denis Daneman, MB, BCh, FRCPC; Alan Daneman, MB, BCh, FRCP(C); Robert Ehrlich, MD, FRCP(C)
Am J Dis Child. 1988;142(2):214-216. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1988.02150020116044.
Text Size: A A A
Published online


• Congenital hypothyroidism (CH) can be due to an absent gland (athyrosis), an ectopic gland (usually lingual), or an inborn metabolic error (goiter). In this study, radionuclide scanning was compared with ultrasound (US) and serum thyroglobulin (Tg) concentration as a method of determining the cause of CH in 50 newborns. Mean serum Tg values were significantly lower in athyrotic children (7.9 pmol/L) than in either those with goitrous (149.1 pmol/L) or ectopic (60.5 pmol/L) glands, but there was marked overlap among all three groups. With the interpreter "blinded" to the radionuclide diagnosis, a cervical gland could be delineated reliably on US. All 12 goiters and five of five normal glands were identified. In contrast, the correlation between US and radionuclide scanning was poor in patients in whom there was no cervical thyroid tissue. Ultrasound failed to identify 13 lingual glands and was reported as normal in four of 12 children with no radionuclide uptake in the neck and biochemical hypothyroidism. Two children with absent thyroid glands on scanning were biochemically euthyroid. The serum of two others who had normal results of radionuclide studies showed persistent hypothyroidism. Thyroid scanning remains the most accurate diagnostic modality to determine the cause of CH. Serum Tg and cervical US have not been established as reliable alternatives.

(AJDC 1988;142:214-216)


Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?





Also Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
Please click the checkbox indicating that you have read the full article in order to submit your answers.
Your answers have been saved for later.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.


Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

0 Citations

Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.