• The nature of the response of 37 [ill]ack mothers to their albino infants, in [ill]mparison with matched controls, was [ill]vestigated longitudinally by means of [ill]terviews and observations. Mothers [ill]ere found initially to be depressed and [ill]happy, uncomfortable with close con[ill]ct with their infants, and reluctant to [ill]old and breast-feed them. When ob[ill]erved in interaction with the infants, the [ill]others showed fewer behaviors in [ill]omparison with the controls. Three [ill]onths later the mothers appeared to be [ill]teracting normally with their infants, [ill]ut they expressed feelings of unhap[ill]ness that persisted until the infants [ill]eached 9 months of age. The birth of an [ill]bino infant seems to cause a de lay in [ill]aternal attachment and a sadness [ill]imilar to that described in connection [ill]ith the birth of an infant with other [ill]ongenital disorders.