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Occurrence of Strabismus in Infants Born to Drug-Dependent Women

Leonard B. Nelson, MD; Saundra Ehrlich, MS; Joseph H. Calhoun, MD; Theresa Matteucci; Loretta P. Finnegan, MD
Am J Dis Child. 1987;141(2):175-178. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1987.04460020065028.
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• Maternal drug abuse during pregnancy exposes the fetus to the possibility of toxic or addicting effects. At a methadone hydrochloride maintenance program providing medical care to drug-dependent women and their infants, ophthalmologic examinations of all infants born during a 36-month period were performed. Twenty-nine infants prenatally exposed to psychoactive drugs were seen at birth and on follow-up. The 24% prevalence of strabismus found in the drug-exposed infants was significantly greater than that of 2.8% to 5.3% reported in the general population. These data suggest that maternal drug abuse and increased methadone dosage during pregnancy may predispose infants to the development of strabismus.

(AJDC 1987;141:175-178)

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