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Bacterial Meningitis in Arizona American Indian Children

Gerald C. Yost, MD; Allen M. Kaplan, MD; Rudolph Bustamante, MD; Carl Ellison, MD; Albion F. Hargrave III, MD; Donald L. Randall, MD
Am J Dis Child. 1986;140(9):943-946. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1986.02140230113047.
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• Bacterial meningitis is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in Arizona infants and children. A retrospective review of 102 cases of meningitis occurring in the American Indian population documents the prevalence of the Haemophilus influenzae organism with a peak incidence in the first year of life. The rate of H influenzae resistance to ampicillin was 16%. Overall morbidity and mortality rates are comparable with reviews of diverse populations, but there is an exceptional mortality and prolonged hospitalization in patients less than 1 year of age. The development of an efficacious vaccine against H influenzae may substantially reduce and prevent this cause of meningitis.

(AJDC 1986;140:943-946)


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