We're unable to sign you in at this time. Please try again in a few minutes.
We were able to sign you in, but your subscription(s) could not be found. Please try again in a few minutes.
There may be a problem with your account. Please contact the AMA Service Center to resolve this issue.
Contact the AMA Service Center:
Telephone: 1 (800) 262-2350 or 1 (312) 670-7827  *   Email: subscriptions@jamanetwork.com
Error Message ......
Article |

Initial Laboratory Evaluation of Infants With 'Presumed Near-Miss' Sudden Infant Death Syndrome

James M. Lewis, MD; Dorothy J. Ganick, MD
Am J Dis Child. 1986;140(5):484-486. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1986.02140190094035.
Text Size: A A A
Published online


• We reviewed the cases of 201 infants hospitalized for "presumed near-miss" sudden infant death syndrome over a recent five-year period to determine the value of routine initial laboratory investigations in establishing diagnosis or altering therapy. A total of 1,278 measurements were performed on 163 patients aged 3 days to 6 months; 276 (22%) of the results were outside the normal limits for age. The most common abnormalities were hyperchloremia (58% of infants tested), hypermagnesemia (43%), hypobicarbonatemia (33%), and hyperkalemia (27%). There were no instances of polycythemia, hypochloremia, hypokalemia, hyperbicarbonatemia, or uremia. Only six (0.5%) of the abnormal values in four patients were useful in diagnosing or treating the apneic episodes. Infants with respiratory symptoms at the time of presentation had a statistically greater incidence of abnormal values than patients who were asymptomatic. Because of the low yield of useful information, we conclude that the use of a routine battery of laboratory investigations in the initial evaluation of infants with presumed near-miss sudden infant death syndrome should be questioned.

(AJDC 1986;140:484-486)


Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?





Also Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
Please click the checkbox indicating that you have read the full article in order to submit your answers.
Your answers have been saved for later.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.


Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

0 Citations

Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.