• Between April 1984 and August 1984, a national survey, the Ross Laboratories Infant Nutrition Survey, was undertaken to assess patterns of food consumption of American infants ranging in age from 6.5 months to 13.4 months. Nutrient intakes of 865 infants were evaluated according to different foods (milk and milk products, non–iron-fortified formula, iron-fortified formula, infant cereal, commercial baby foods, and home-prepared table foods). Results indicated that most American infants consumed nutrients in appropriate amounts. However, a large proportion of infants who were fed a diet that included cow's milk received amounts of sodium, potassium, and chloride that exceeded the recommended safe and adequate ranges. The median intake of iron of infants fed either cow's milk or a non–iron-fortified formula was below the recommended dietary allowance; a low percentage of these infants received medicinal iron supplementation. The results also indicated that the median estimated renal solute load of the diet of infants fed cow's milk was approximately twice the amount of that of infants fed formula. These data may be useful in the development of nutritional programs for older infants.