We're unable to sign you in at this time. Please try again in a few minutes.
We were able to sign you in, but your subscription(s) could not be found. Please try again in a few minutes.
There may be a problem with your account. Please contact the AMA Service Center to resolve this issue.
Contact the AMA Service Center:
Telephone: 1 (800) 262-2350 or 1 (312) 670-7827  *   Email: subscriptions@jamanetwork.com
Error Message ......
Article |

Peritonitis in Children Undergoing Continuous Ambulatory Peritoneal Dialysis

David Powell, MD; Elizabeth San Luis, RN; Sadie Calvin, RN; Tarran McDaid, MSN; Donald Potter, MD
Am J Dis Child. 1985;139(1):29-32. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1985.02140030031021.
Text Size: A A A
Published online


• During a four-year period there were 77 episodes and 15 recurrences of peritonitis in 30 children treated with continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis for periods of one to 39 months (mean, 15.3 months). The incidence was one episode per 6.0 patient-months. Organisms cultured included Staphylococcus epidermidis (17 episodes), Staphylococcus aureus (15 episodes), and fungi (four episodes). Special culture techniques were needed to ensure a high yield of positive cultures. Peritonitis was usually treated with intraperitoneal administration of cefazolin sodium, and 61% of the episodes were treated at home. There was one death, from Candida peritonitis, and catheters were removed in 11 children because of resistant or recurrent peritonitis (eight cases) or fungal peritonitis (three cases). Peritonitis rates were highest in children who had difficulty performing bag changes aseptically but who could not be transferred to hemodialysis and in hospitalized patients.

(AJDC 1985;139:29-32)


Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?





Also Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
Please click the checkbox indicating that you have read the full article in order to submit your answers.
Your answers have been saved for later.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.


Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

0 Citations

Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.