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Article |

Pulmonary Edema Associated With Upper Airway Obstruction

Robert K. Kanter, MD; Jon F. Watchko, MD
Am J Dis Child. 1984;138(4):356-358. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1984.02140420022009.
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• We retrospectively surveyed records of 153 patients with croup or epiglottitis. Thirty-four children required intubation of the trachea to relieve upper airway obstruction. In those requiring intubation, pulmonary edema occurred in four (12%) of 34. Review of 17 previously reported cases, along with our patients, demonstrated that onset of pulmonary edema due to upper airway obstruction usually follows intubation. A Pao2 below 50 mm Hg is observed in 38% and pneumothorax in 24% of all reported cases. Supplemental oxygen, positive end-expiratory pressure, mechanical ventilation, and chest tube drainage have prevented deaths despite these life-threatening complications.

(AJDC 1984;138:356-358)


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