0
We're unable to sign you in at this time. Please try again in a few minutes.
Retry
We were able to sign you in, but your subscription(s) could not be found. Please try again in a few minutes.
Retry
There may be a problem with your account. Please contact the AMA Service Center to resolve this issue.
Contact the AMA Service Center:
Telephone: 1 (800) 262-2350 or 1 (312) 670-7827  *   Email: subscriptions@jamanetwork.com
Error Message ......
Article |

In Vivo Effect of Polymyxin B on Pertussis Vaccine

William E. Larter, MD; James J. Corrigan Jr, MD; Vincent A. Fulginiti, MD
Am J Dis Child. 1984;138(3):281-283. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1984.02140410059018.
Text Size: A A A
Published online

• Pertussis vaccine contains lipopolysaccharide (endotoxin). Polymyxin B sulfate neutralizes endotoxin activity in vivo and in vitro from Enterobacteriaceae and Salmonella-derived endotoxin. In vitro, polymyxin B eliminates the endotoxin reaction of pertussis vaccine in the Limulus lysate test. In this study, platelet and WBC counts and antibody response were compared in rabbits given either pertussis vaccine alone or pertussis vaccine and polymyxin B intravenously. Pertussis vaccine—induced leukopenia and thrombocytopenia were eliminated in the polymyxin B group. The antibody titers in the animals receiving pertussis vaccine and polymyxin B were somewhat lower and rose more slowly. Since the toxicity of pertussis vaccine is related in part to endotoxin, we suggest that a clinical study using a combination of the vaccine with an endotoxin-neutralizing agent be done to assess both amelioration of side effects caused by the vaccine and any effect on immunogenesis.

(AJDC 1984;138:281-283)

Topics

Sign in

Create a free personal account to sign up for alerts, share articles, and more.

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal

Figures

Tables

References

Correspondence

CME
Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Submit a Comment

Multimedia

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Sign in

Create a free personal account to sign up for alerts, share articles, and more.

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.

Jobs
brightcove.createExperiences();