Article |

DiGeorge's Syndrome and Fetal Alcohol Syndrome

Am J Dis Child. 1983;137(8):806-807. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1983.02140340086027.
Text Size: A A A
Published online

Sir.—Four patients with clinical and laboratory features of DiGeorge's syndrome with a history of maternal alcoholism were described by Ammann et al in the article "The DiGeorge Syndrome and the Fetal Alcohol Syndrome" (Journal 1982;136:906-908). In the article (p 906), Ammann and colleagues stated, "Maternal alcoholism may result in the DiGeorge syndrome either as the single causative factor or in conjunction with other as yet unknown teratogens." They made this statement without a specific explanation. I would like to emphasize an important point that was not taken into consideration in their article, ie, the importance of zinc in human intrauterine development.1

In fact, Gordon et al1 referred to a possible association between fetal alcohol syndrome and maternal zinc deficiency. In addition, the zinc status of pregnant alcoholic women was analyzed by Flynn et al.2 These investigators demonstrated significantly lower plasma zinc levels in both maternal and


Sign In to Access Full Content

Don't have Access?

Register and get free email Table of Contents alerts, saved searches, PowerPoint downloads, CME quizzes, and more

Subscribe for full-text access to content from 1998 forward and a host of useful features

Activate your current subscription (AMA members and current subscribers)

Purchase Online Access to this article for 24 hours





Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).
Submit a Comment


Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Sign In to Access Full Content

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.