We're unable to sign you in at this time. Please try again in a few minutes.
We were able to sign you in, but your subscription(s) could not be found. Please try again in a few minutes.
There may be a problem with your account. Please contact the AMA Service Center to resolve this issue.
Contact the AMA Service Center:
Telephone: 1 (800) 262-2350 or 1 (312) 670-7827  *   Email: subscriptions@jamanetwork.com
Error Message ......
Article |

Dehydration and Osmolality

Am J Dis Child. 1981;135(11):997-998. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1981.02130350001001.
Text Size: A A A
Published online


The article by Tejani et al in this issue (p 1000) makes two important points about hypernatremic dehydration. The first has to do with its incidence expressed as a proportion of all dehydrated infants admitted to the hospital for dehydration secondary to enteritis over a certain period. From 1950 to 1970, various reports from the United States and similar countries gave percentages varying from 9% to 68% for particular periods.1 During that era, corresponding incidences of hypernatremia in developing countries were much lower. We speculated that malnutrition with its low body-water tonicity and low-solute diets were factors. Hypernatremic dehydration was one more adverse consequence of a technologically advanced, affluent industrial society.

Our speculations were probably correct. As formula feeding has moved to underdeveloped areas, reports from these areas have shown an increase in the frequency of hypernatremia since 1970.1,2 As lower-solute feedings—no more home-prepared dry-milk feedings in Great


Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?

First Page Preview

View Large
First page PDF preview





Also Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
Please click the checkbox indicating that you have read the full article in order to submit your answers.
Your answers have been saved for later.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.


Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

0 Citations

Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.