• The developmental, psychological, and educational sequelae of chronic otitis media occurring during the first three years of life were investigated in a selected group of children with educational difficulties. One group of children had a history of chronic and severe otitis media, requiring myringotomy after 3 years of age. The control group had infrequent and relatively mild episodes of otitis media and no surgical intervention. Children with chronic and severe otitis media manifested substantial delays in speech and language, auditory processing deficits, disturbances in auditory-visual integration, reading disorders, and poor spelling skills. Early medical and educational intervention for children with a high-risk profile of language delay and severe chronic otitis media is suggested as a possible strategy for preventing the development of a specific learning disability.
(Am J Dis Child 132:1100-1104, 1978)