We're unable to sign you in at this time. Please try again in a few minutes.
We were able to sign you in, but your subscription(s) could not be found. Please try again in a few minutes.
There may be a problem with your account. Please contact the AMA Service Center to resolve this issue.
Contact the AMA Service Center:
Telephone: 1 (800) 262-2350 or 1 (312) 670-7827  *   Email: subscriptions@jamanetwork.com
Error Message ......
Article |

Intellectual and Perceptual-Motor Characteristics of Treated Myelomeningocele Children

Pegeen L. Soare, PhD; Anthony J. Raimondi, MD
Am J Dis Child. 1977;131(2):199-204. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1977.02120150081017.
Text Size: A A A
Published online


• We studied 173 children with myelomeningocele, 133 of whom developed hydrocephalus (and had shunt procedures) and 40 of whom did not. Eighty siblings were tested as a control group. Sixty-three percent of children with hydrocephalus had IQs above 80; 87% of those without hydrocephalus had IQs above 80. Children who had associated hydrocephalus were significantly less intelligent than their siblings, whereas those without hydrocephalus were not. When patients and siblings were matched by age and IQ, the former scored significantly lower on a perceptual-motor functioning test. When patients with and without hydrocephalus were similarly matched, those with hydrocephalus scored lower. Inverse relationships between sac location and IQ, and sensory level and IQ, were found to be dependent on the association of higher sac levels and of sensory loss with hydrocephalus. Patient IQ was related to family income and education.

(Am J Dis Child 131:199-204, 1977)


Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?





Also Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
Please click the checkbox indicating that you have read the full article in order to submit your answers.
Your answers have been saved for later.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.


Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

0 Citations

Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.