0
Article |

Diet in Children Heterozygous for Familial Hypercholesterolemia

Charles J. Glueck, MD; Reginald C. Tsang, MD; Ronald W. Fallat, MD; Margot J. Mellies, MD
Am J Dis Child. 1977;131(2):162-166. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1977.02120150044009.
Text Size: A A A
Published online

• Effects of a cholesterol- and saturate-poor, polyunsaturate-rich diet on plasma total and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol levels were assessed in 23 children between the ages of 2 and 7 who were heterozygous for well-documented familial hypercholesterolemia. Sixteen of the 23 children, whose mean age at inception of diet was 4.8 years, sustained 10.5% and 11.3% reductions in total and LDL cholesterol levels after six months on diet (P <.001). Total and LDL cholesterol levels were normal in only one of these children after six months. After one year on diet, three of 11 children had normal values for total and LDL cholesterol.

Six of the 23 children, all 2 years old, had been previously maintained on low-cholesterol diets since age 1 or earlier, and three had normal cholesterol levels at the initial sampling for this study. After one year of follow-up in the study, the plasma cholesterol level was normal in five of these six children. Dietary therapy in the 2- to 7-year-old children heterozygous for familial hypercholesterolemia provided mean overall reduction of total and LDL cholesterol levels between 6% and 15%, and appeared to be the most effective when instituted in children at ages 1 or 2.

(Am J Dis Child 131:162-166, 1977)

Topics

Sign In to Access Full Content

Don't have Access?

Register and get free email Table of Contents alerts, saved searches, PowerPoint downloads, CME quizzes, and more

Subscribe for full-text access to content from 1998 forward and a host of useful features

Activate your current subscription (AMA members and current subscribers)

Purchase Online Access to this article for 24 hours

Figures

Tables

References

Correspondence

CME
Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
NOTE:
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).
Submit a Comment

Multimedia

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Sign In to Access Full Content

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.

Jobs
brightcove.createExperiences();