• A cross-sectional survey of 32 children who received renal allografts was undertaken to evaluate lipid profiles in a pediatric transplant population. Ages ranged from 8 to 18 years, and serum creatinine concentrations varied from 0.5 to 5.6 mg/100 ml (mean, 1.4 mg/100 ml). Fifty percent of patients showed an abnormal lipoprotein electrophoresis, and these were evenly divided between type II and type IV patterns. The data suggest that patients with type II pattern tend to be receiving higher doses of prednisone, and increasing levels of cholesterol and triglyceride are also associated with higher corticosteroid dosages. In contrast to the observations of others in dialysis patients, measurements of glucose metabolism such as fasting blood sugar and fasting insulin levels were not associated with lipid abnormalities in this population. Lipid abnormalities following renal transplantation in children are similar to those described in adults, and may contribute to morbidity in the years following successful renal transplantation.
(Am J Dis Child 130:951-953, 1976)