• Four children with acute febrile mucocutaneous lymph node syndrome (MLNS) were hospitalized in Denver over a two-year period. The children had most of the principle features of this recently described syndrome, including prolonged fever unresponsive to antibiotics, an erythematous rash, conjunctivitis, pharyngitis, and nonsuppurative cervical lymphadenitis. Three of the children exhibited characteristic desquamation from the fingertips or toes during convalescence. None developed clinical or electrocardiographic evidence of coronary thromboarteritis, the most serious complication of the disease. Additional cases undoubtedly will be reported in the United States as physicians become familiar with this new syndrome and learn to distinguish it from the other acute febrile exanthems.
(Am J Dis Child 130:610-612, 1976)