• A newborn baby girl with progressive hydrocephalus and congenital defects of the skin and eyes was born to a mother who experienced bilateral bronchopneumonia in her first trimester. At the time of her infection, the mother's serum cold agglutinin titer was 1:128 and at delivery the mother's and baby's serum samples had complement-fixation titers to Mycoplasma pneumoniae of 1:1,024 and 1:256, respectively. At 1 week of age the baby's serum IgM value was 44 mg/100 ml (98% of cord IgM values in normal newborns range from 0 to 20 mg/100 ml). The baby died of progressive hydrocephalus, which may have had an inflammatory basis in view of the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) protein level of 192 mg/100 ml. We realize that the significance of this association is questionable, but we believe that it is worthwhile to call the coincidence of events to the attention of others.
(Am J Dis Child 130:312-314, 1976)