PULMONARY EDEMA occasionally occurs as a response to intracranial disease in the absence of other etiologic agents. Even though a variety of central nervous system (CNS) conditions, including trauma,1-3 hemorrhage,3,4 neoplasm,1,5 and seizure disorders may be present, the common factor to all such cases seems to be a massive autonomic discharge due either to increased intracranial pressure or a seizure disorder.6-8
No previous reports have stressed the occurrence of this syndrome in children. The present paper is based on six cases of pulmonary edema associated with various CNS disorders.
Report of Cases
Case 1.—A 20-month-old boy was thrown from a car and immediately rendered unconscious. One hour later, a cephalhematoma was present over the left occiput, and intermittent spontaneous decerebrate posturing was observed. In response to pain, the patient made no movement on the left side but reacted on the right by purposeful withdrawal. A dilated