BEING ILL influences the mental health of a child. If hospitalization is required, this experience provides a further emotional impact on a child, both during and after the illness episode. The entire spectrum of preparation for hospitalization, care in the hospital, and follow-up evaluation by pediatric and allied professionals must be considered. Only by looking at the total experience can professional roles and responsibilities be delineated in the mental health aspects of pediatric hospital care.
The literature of the past 20 years has demonstrated similar concerns, until the middle fifties. Thereafter followed a hiatus of almost a decade in pediatric and allied professional interest, until pediatric centers again began to develop and write about their individual hospital care programs. Reports from Boston,1,2 Baltimore,3 Cleveland,4 and Chicago5 are currently among those best known for their investigations. The American Association for Child Care in Hospitals6 has evolved