ABASAL cell carcinoma in the pediatric age group in the absence of xeroderma pigmentosum and the nevus basal cell carcinoma syndrome is rare. Nineteen1-12 cases of basal cell carcinoma in childhood and early adolescence, including three7,8,11 following radiotherapy, have been recorded in the literature.
This neoplasm occurs almost exclusively on the nonglabrous skin, primarily the face. It usually presents as a pearly nodule, which eventually ulcerates and becomes crusted, or may be encountered as a plaque, scaly patch, or a cyst. The histopathology varies from the undifferentiated form resembling the immature cells of the epidermis to the well differentiated types resembling the adnexal structures.
The purpose of this article is to present a case of a basal cell carcinoma of the cheek in an otherwise normal 12-year-old girl and to briefly review the literature.
Review of Literature
The clinical data were incomplete in some of the 19 cases,