ONE OF the great rewards for those functioning in academic medicine is the pleasure which comes from the perception of new truths in the basic sciences which will lead to a better understanding of human problems. In 1949 our Nobel Prize laureates, John Enders, Frederick Robbins, and Thomas Weiler, provided new tools which have revolutionized our knowledge of human viral diseases. A dividend of great consequence is the new insight into rubella infections which has emerged through the investigations of the participants of this symposium. They have capitalized on serendipity during an experiment of nature.
When the presidents of the two societies, the Society for Pediatric Research and the American Pediatric Society discovered, from the abstracts submitted, that the local experience on congenital rubella was being duplicated in a number of areas of the United States, there was complete agreement that only a symposium could do justice to the rapid