The purpose of this paper is to familiarize physicians with the problem of hearing impairment in children. The incidence of impaired hearing in our population is not accurately known. Various surveys, however, indicate that 5% to 10% of the population is affected.1 The incidence of hearing loss is higher in adults than in children. It is estimated that 50% of all adult hearing problems had their origin in childhood and most middle ear problems could have been avoided if adequate treatment had been provided at the onset of the pathological change in the middle ear.This paper will describe the types of hearing loss encountered in children together with their etiology, diagnosis, medical and surgical treatment, and rehabilitation.
Types of Hearing Loss
A child with a hearing impairment has either a conductive, a sensorineural, or a mixed conductive-sensorineural type of hearing loss.A conductive or middle ear hearing