Lymphangiography is a technique by which the lymph nodes and vessels may be studied radiographically. In 1931, Carvalho et al.1 injected contrast material directly into the lymph nodes. In 1952, Kinmonth et al.2 reported the technique for lymphangiography of the lower limb. This work stimulated others to recognize the potentialities of this procedure. In 1959, H. W. Fischer3 reported on the various opaque materials suitable for lymphangiography. He particularly commented on the use of Ethiodol (ethyl ester of iodized fatty acids of poppy-seed oil). One of our co-authors, Dr. Manuel Viamonte,4-7 has worked extensively in the techniques of lymphangiography in the adult. This work has stimulated the present investigation of the feasibility of lymphangiography in children.
Under sedation, a mixture of equal parts of a blue dye and 1% lidocaine (Xylocaine) is injected intradermally into the dorsum of each foot. Evans blue and patent blue