The purpose of this communication is to record the occurrence of hyaline membrane disease of the lung in Thailand. A review of the autopsy records for 1959 at the Chulalongkorn Medical School in Bangkok disclosed 9 cases of hyaline membrane disease among 58 postmortem examinations conducted on infants who died during the perinatal period.
The most recent year, 1959, for which autopsy records were available was selected for study. A total of 65 perinatal deaths was tabulated in the autopsy records of this year. Each of these cases was reviewed, and lung sections were restudied. Material from 7 cases was not available for review, and they were therefore excluded from consideration. Of the remaining 58 cases, 9, or about 15%, showed the classical changes of hyaline membrane disease. All of these 9 infants were alive at birth, succumbing in from 7 to 37 hours after delivery. The birth weight ranged