Expanding their activities (with the aid of a grant from the U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare) the Excerpta Medica Foundation is helping to overcome the language barrier in yet another direction. (Selected material from their Abstracts of Soviet Medicine has been reprinted with the publisher's permission in this Journal.) Japanese medical scientists have long been making significant contributions to progress in medicine. In the past, many of their reports have remained undiscovered by Western readers. This new publication plans to draw pertinent material from some 500 current Japanese periodicals. Abstracts and translations are to be prepared by qualified medical experts. The first issue comes in the concise and time-tested format of other Excerpta publications. Basic science and clinical advances are grouped according to subject headings, i.e., anatomy, pathology, etc. While 8 pages with 23 abstracts are devoted specifically to pediatrics, additional pertinent material is to be found elsewhere.