Article |

Congenital Deformities of the Museuloskeletal System Noted in the Newborn

Am J Dis Child. 1960;100(6):861-868. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1960.04020040863009.
Text Size: A A A
Published online

Between October, 1954, and December, 1958, five thousand newly born babies were examined by the writer of this report. These were unselected consecutive Obstetrical Service cases made available through the courtesy of its Director, Dr. Alan Guttmacher, and Dr. Horace Hodes, Director of the Pediatric Service. Each examination was made within a few days of birth, and most of them within 36 hours.

The objectives of the investigation were chiefly twofold: (1) to form a numerical base of reference for the occurrence of certain relatively common congenital deformities of the musculoskeletal system which could be applied to continuing studies by the Orthopaedic Service of this Hospital (or others) on the natural history of these lesions, and (2) to determine the relationship, if any, of certain maternal factors, especially those connected with the circumstances of the mother's pregnancy.

While 5,000 newborn are a fair enough collection for study, the relatively small


Sign In to Access Full Content

Don't have Access?

Register and get free email Table of Contents alerts, saved searches, PowerPoint downloads, CME quizzes, and more

Subscribe for full-text access to content from 1998 forward and a host of useful features

Activate your current subscription (AMA members and current subscribers)

Purchase Online Access to this article for 24 hours

First Page Preview

View Large
First page PDF preview





Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).
Submit a Comment


Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Sign In to Access Full Content

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.